period 4 study guide.docx - Period 4(1800-1848 APUSH STUDY GUIDE by Chloe why is this so long 1 What role did nationalism play in the development of the

period 4 study guide.docx - Period 4(1800-1848 APUSH STUDY...

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Period 4 (1800-1848) APUSH STUDY GUIDE by Chloe why is this so long 1. What role did nationalism play in the development of the United States? What role had sectionalism played? How does nationalism affect the Native American nations in the West? Nationalism: Americans wished to create a culture for themselves, such as in the Era of Good Feelings. Political cooperation and a unified country aided in the creation of a unified national identity. Economically, the United States created their Bank and connected the country with a system of canals and railroads. John Marshall’s rulings established the supreme federal authority over the states but took into consideration the powers and rights of the states and citizens. Manifest Destiny, the idea that the white settlers in America had the God-given right to dominate the landmass, led to westward expansion. They believed that it was their duty to cultivate other races and the land. Because of their view of white superiority, they believed that Native American nations were not civilized enough to live side by side with them. They relocated the tribes in the East to the West and then eventually pushed them to reservations to make way for an influx of white immigrants. Sectionalism split the United States into the North and South with very distinct characteristic. The North was heavily industrialized and advanced. They were also against slavery. The South (Democrats) focused on their agricultural industry such as the production of King Cotton. They were underdeveloped and depended on the North for goods they could not produce. They were pro-slavery, believing it was a system that was essential to maintaining economic and social stability. 2. Who were the opponents of federal involvement in stimulating the growth of industry in the United States and why? The Republicans opposed federal involvement in stimulating the growth of industry. They wanted a mostly agrarian economy and did not want an elite group to hold all the power because they believed this would lead to tyranny and corruption. They didn’t want the federal government to have too much power. They were wary of foreign alliances and therefore discouraged foreign trade. 3. How did the Supreme Court reinforce nationalism with Marshall’s rulings? McCulloch v. Maryland: Maryland was one of the states viciously taxing the unpopular Second Bank of the United States. Marshall ruled in favor of the Bank because of the Necessary and Proper Clause in the Constitution that allowed the federal government tax, borrow, and regulate interstate commerce. Because Congress had the power to tax, they also had the power to destroy. The federal government was the supreme ruling that Maryland, a state, had to subject to them, reinforcing nationalism because it highlighted the power of the federal government.
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