study guide 22.pdf - Chapter 5 African Americans US 12.3 Gray IN 85 Oakland 15 LA 12 Sacto 9.65 1 Slavery • 1619 indentured servants – 1640 slaves

study guide 22.pdf - Chapter 5 African Americans US 12.3...

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12.3% Gray IN 85%, Oakland 15%, LA 12%, Sacto 9.65% Slavery 1619 indentured servants – 1640 slaves sub-Sahara The shift in ideology and the motive The legacy of slavery in the US today Part Black all Black? The one-drop rule Jim Crow and racial caste The black code: series of laws: jail unemployed, vote Segregation Plessy v Ferguson The CJS and KKK Black Boy – On the Color line Sharecropping and debt patronage The Northern migration: 1870: 98%, 2000: 53% Push – Pull Black communities in the North Urbanization and chain migration Hyper-segregation (isolated urban Ghettos) The Civil Rights movement 1955 The Montgomery Bus Boycott – Rosa Parks MLK Brown v Board Desegregation and integration “Biography of MLK” The influence of Christ and Gandhi – nonviolent passive resistance SCLC – Southern Christian Leadership Congress SNCC – student nonviolent coordinating committee Woolworth’s sit-ins Freedom riders James Meredith – U miss Evers – NAACP Birmingham – Wallace & Bull Connor JFK, RFK, and TV DC March in ‘63 JFK shot, LBJ, and civil rights act of ‘64 Black Nationalism Malcolm X Black Power – Carmichael Black Panthers – Seal, Brown, Newton, Cleaver Voting rights act of ’65 1-100 King to Chicago the Poor people’s campaign The Memphis murder by James Earl Ray Was the Civil Rights Movement Successful? Killed Jim Crow Decline in racist attitudes? Social distance rankings revisited Survey says: 1963 Now Percentage of whites who said yes B & W in same schools 63 96 Laws against inter racial marriage 63 13 OK to bring Black home for dinner 50 88 Keep Black from White neighborhoods Percentage agreeing with statement today Black Latino Asian Whites are insensitive to other p. 76 56 54 Whites believed: they’re superior 79 52 45 Whites control power and wealth and don’t want to share 76 52 34 Whites founded the most Democratic society on earth 49 62 46 The emergence of a Black middle class (2x since 1965) 8% B. families now at /above middle class of income 1% at /above 50+ but still 27.6% in poverty he polarization of the Black Community ondary structural only? 3% of Blacks agree that Blacks are a single race – only 24% ge 18-29 1% of Blacks say values are different for middle class and oor Blacks Variables predict: B. no longer share the same values High school diploma or less and lower income levels College educated Blacks agree = 78% Income more than $100,000 = 66% 53% of Blacks felt that personal factors not discrimination keep blacks from getting ahead again most responses diverge along class lines Two Nation of Black America – Skip Gates of Harvard Du Bois – the talented 10 th From B Power to B Panthers – the added dimension of Social Class DC – middle class success and lower class misery 1/2 males in CJS, 45% kids poor, standard of living less than 1960 The income gap – wide and growing wider Crime violent crime ratio 4:1 when controlled for employment 1:1 Education Success? HS Yes College No Education Success 1960 today HS Black 20% 80% White 43% 88% College Black 3% 17% White 8% 30%
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