Clinical Condition.docx - involves gradual damage to lung...

  • No School
  • AA 1
  • 5

This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 5 pages.

- involves gradual damage to lung tissue, specifically thinning and destruction of the alveoli or air sacs - Air sacs are destroyed in emphysema, making it progressively difficult to breathe. - Emphysema is usually accompanied by chronic bronchitis, with almost-daily or daily cough and phlegm. - Cigarette smoking is the major cause of emphysema. - People with emphysema experience shortness of breath with activities - It is not curable, but there are treatments that can help you manage the disease - One of the diseases that compromises COPD - - lookup/emphysema/ - your body does not get the oxygen it needs. Emphysema makes it hard to catch your breath. You may also have a chronic cough and have trouble breathing during exercise. - The most common cause is cigarette smoking. If you smoke, quitting can help prevent you from getting the disease. If you already have emphysema, not smoking might keep it from getting worse. Treatment is based on whether your symptoms are mild, moderate or severe. Treatments include inhalers, oxygen, medications and sometimes surgery to relieve symptoms and prevent complications. - Contributing factors include bronchial spasms, infections, irritation - Lung slowly loses its elasticity - Bronchioles become more narrow - Alveoli unable to stretch and shrink unable to remove CO2 from blood
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

- Exhaling becomes difficult, thus air becomes trapped in lungs increases overinflating chest and giving person the characteristic “barrel chest” - Air pressure can develop in the alveoli causing it to rupture - A decrease in oxygen exchange can strain the heart - Persons vital capacity decreases - Less surface area in lungs Although the deterioration in the lungs in emphysema is permanent and irreversible, treatment can give relief and help the lungs function better, especially in the early stages of the disease. Abstention from smoking is essential. To decrease exposure to other airborne irritants, high-risk occupations should be avoided, as should areas of high air pollution. Bronchodilator drugs can help increase air flow in patients with tightened airways by relaxing bronchial muscles,
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
  • Fall '19

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes