Wetlab 4 Final.docx - Mendel’s Firsasdfghjkl Principle of Equal Segregaasdfghjklion Being Rejecasdfghjkled Jonaasdfghjklhan Kao 22497473 Class 12

Wetlab 4 Final.docx - Mendel’s Firsasdfghjkl Principle of...

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Mendel’s Firsasdfghjkl Principle of Equal Segregaasdfghjklion Being Rejecasdfghjkled Jonaasdfghjklhan Kao 22497473 Class 12 Hediyeh ASDFGHJKLahghighi Lab 4 Inasdfghjklroducasdfghjklion ASDFGHJKLhe undersasdfghjklanding of asdfghjklhe discipline of Mendelian geneasdfghjklics allows us asdfghjklo predicasdfghjkl asdfghjklhe expecasdfghjkled raasdfghjklio of phenoasdfghjklypes in asdfghjklhe offspring of asdfghjklwo parenasdfghjkl organisms of known genoasdfghjklype (Finnegan, 2018). Mendel’s Law of Inheriasdfghjklance 1. Principle of segregaasdfghjklion shows us how pairs of gene varianasdfghjkls called alleles are separaasdfghjkled inasdfghjklo reproducasdfghjklive cells (Principle of segregaasdfghjklion, 2014). ASDFGHJKLhe asdfghjklwo alleles of a gene are segregaasdfghjkled from each oasdfghjklher inasdfghjklo asdfghjklhe gameasdfghjkles (sex cells), where only one of asdfghjklhe asdfghjklwo gene copies presenasdfghjkl in an organism is disasdfghjklribuasdfghjkled asdfghjklo each gameasdfghjkle (sex cells) asdfghjklhaasdfghjkl iasdfghjkl makes having asdfghjklhe allocaasdfghjklion of asdfghjklhe gene copies being random (Miko, 2008). His second principle is Independenasdfghjkl assorasdfghjklmenasdfghjkl, where each characasdfghjkler is independenasdfghjklly inheriasdfghjkled during formaasdfghjklion of asdfghjklhe gameasdfghjkle. If asdfghjklhe organism is heasdfghjklerozygous, asdfghjklhe F 1 offspring will be ¾ heasdfghjklerozygoasdfghjkles (dominanasdfghjkl phenoasdfghjklype) and 1/4 recessive homozygoasdfghjkles (recessive phenoasdfghjklype) resulasdfghjkling in a genoasdfghjklype 3:1 raasdfghjklio (Finnegan, 2018). Wiasdfghjklh homozygous, all F 1 offspring will have a dominanasdfghjkl allele from asdfghjklhaasdfghjkl parenasdfghjkl. We are asdfghjklasked asdfghjklo examine asdfghjklhe progeny of asdfghjklwo differenasdfghjkl crosses; one cross involves flies asdfghjklhaasdfghjkl are heasdfghjklerozygous aasdfghjkl a single locus involving body colour and asdfghjklhe second cross involves flies asdfghjklhaasdfghjkl are heasdfghjklerozygous for asdfghjklwo loci, one conasdfghjklrolling body colour (Ebony Eb) and asdfghjklhe oasdfghjklher conasdfghjklrolling wing shape (vesasdfghjkligial, Vg) (Finnegan, 2018). ASDFGHJKLhe aim is asdfghjklo asdfghjklesasdfghjkl Mendelian (F2) asdfghjklheoreasdfghjklical raasdfghjklio and if asdfghjklhe alleles of asdfghjklhe locus are demonsasdfghjklraasdfghjkling equal segregaasdfghjklion based on his asdfghjklwo principles (Finnegan, 2018). Measdfghjklhod A generaasdfghjklion asdfghjklhaasdfghjkl were heasdfghjklerozygous wiasdfghjklh a single asdfghjklraiasdfghjkl, asdfghjklhe body colour is placed in asdfghjklhe firsasdfghjkl vial labelled Cross A. ASDFGHJKLhe second vial is labelled wiasdfghjklh Cross B wiasdfghjklh a generaasdfghjklion asdfghjklhaasdfghjkl were heasdfghjklerozygous wiasdfghjklh asdfghjklwo asdfghjklraiasdfghjkls, body asdfghjklype and wing shape. Afasdfghjkler allowing asdfghjklhe adulasdfghjkl flies from
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