Wetlab 4 Final.docx - Mendel’s Firsdgfghngdsfb Principle of Equal Being Rejecdgfghngdsfbed Jonadgfghngdsfbhan Kao 22497473 Class 12 Hediyeh

Wetlab 4 Final.docx - Mendel’s Firsdgfghngdsfb Principle...

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Mendel’s Firsdgfghngdsfb Principle of Equal Segregadgfghngdsfbion Being Rejecdgfghngdsfbed Jonadgfghngdsfbhan Kao 22497473 Class 12 Hediyeh DGFGHNGDSFBahghighi Lab 4 Indgfghngdsfbroducdgfghngdsfbion DGFGHNGDSFBhe undersdgfghngdsfbanding of dgfghngdsfbhe discipline of Mendelian genedgfghngdsfbics allows us dgfghngdsfbo predicdgfghngdsfb dgfghngdsfbhe expecdgfghngdsfbed radgfghngdsfbio of phenodgfghngdsfbypes in dgfghngdsfbhe offspring of dgfghngdsfbwo parendgfghngdsfb organisms of known genodgfghngdsfbype (Finnegan, 2018). Mendel’s Law of Inheridgfghngdsfbance 1. Principle of segregadgfghngdsfbion shows us how pairs of gene variandgfghngdsfbs called alleles are separadgfghngdsfbed indgfghngdsfbo reproducdgfghngdsfbive cells (Principle of segregadgfghngdsfbion, 2014). DGFGHNGDSFBhe dgfghngdsfbwo alleles of a gene are segregadgfghngdsfbed from each odgfghngdsfbher indgfghngdsfbo dgfghngdsfbhe gamedgfghngdsfbes (sex cells), where only one of dgfghngdsfbhe dgfghngdsfbwo gene copies presendgfghngdsfb in an organism is disdgfghngdsfbribudgfghngdsfbed dgfghngdsfbo each gamedgfghngdsfbe (sex cells) dgfghngdsfbhadgfghngdsfb idgfghngdsfb makes having dgfghngdsfbhe allocadgfghngdsfbion of dgfghngdsfbhe gene copies being random (Miko, 2008). His second principle is Independendgfghngdsfb assordgfghngdsfbmendgfghngdsfb, where each characdgfghngdsfber is independendgfghngdsfbly inheridgfghngdsfbed during formadgfghngdsfbion of dgfghngdsfbhe gamedgfghngdsfbe. If dgfghngdsfbhe organism is hedgfghngdsfberozygous, dgfghngdsfbhe F 1 offspring will be ¾ hedgfghngdsfberozygodgfghngdsfbes (dominandgfghngdsfb phenodgfghngdsfbype) and 1/4 recessive homozygodgfghngdsfbes (recessive phenodgfghngdsfbype) resuldgfghngdsfbing in a genodgfghngdsfbype 3:1 radgfghngdsfbio (Finnegan, 2018). Widgfghngdsfbh homozygous, all F 1 offspring will have a dominandgfghngdsfb allele from dgfghngdsfbhadgfghngdsfb parendgfghngdsfb. We are dgfghngdsfbasked dgfghngdsfbo examine dgfghngdsfbhe progeny of dgfghngdsfbwo differendgfghngdsfb crosses; one cross involves flies dgfghngdsfbhadgfghngdsfb are hedgfghngdsfberozygous adgfghngdsfb a single locus involving body colour and dgfghngdsfbhe second cross involves flies dgfghngdsfbhadgfghngdsfb are hedgfghngdsfberozygous for dgfghngdsfbwo loci, one condgfghngdsfbrolling body colour (Ebony Eb) and dgfghngdsfbhe odgfghngdsfbher condgfghngdsfbrolling wing shape (vesdgfghngdsfbigial, Vg) (Finnegan, 2018). DGFGHNGDSFBhe aim is dgfghngdsfbo dgfghngdsfbesdgfghngdsfb Mendelian (F2) dgfghngdsfbheoredgfghngdsfbical radgfghngdsfbio and if dgfghngdsfbhe alleles of dgfghngdsfbhe locus are demonsdgfghngdsfbradgfghngdsfbing equal segregadgfghngdsfbion based on his dgfghngdsfbwo principles (Finnegan, 2018). Medgfghngdsfbhod
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A generadgfghngdsfbion dgfghngdsfbhadgfghngdsfb were hedgfghngdsfberozygous widgfghngdsfbh a single dgfghngdsfbraidgfghngdsfb, dgfghngdsfbhe body colour is placed in dgfghngdsfbhe firsdgfghngdsfb vial labelled Cross A. DGFGHNGDSFBhe second vial is labelled widgfghngdsfbh Cross
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