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1 of 4 Name: Kaylin Tokuda Class: Psy-402 Date: March 7 Topic 5.1 Working Memory 1) Memory a) Short-term memory i) The memory system that is responsible for holding onto a small amount for information that has been recently taken in from the environment ii) This memory system is rather limited in capacity and duration iii) Modern psychologists consider the phrase short term memory synonymous with working memory b) Long-term memory i) The memory system that contains memory from experiences and information that have accumulated throughout the lifetime ii) Has a very large capacity and duration c) Magic number 7 i) George Miller, 1956, reported that short term memory can maintain seven items, plus or minus two ii) Miller described the items as chunks (1) A memory unit that consists of several components that are strongly related with one another (2) Chunk examples: a chunk may be as simple as category such as a letter (3) A chunk can be larger if it is sensible to that person (a) Consider the area code of your phone number, this is a three digit code that is common in your area, thus is often remembered as
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