BIO quiz 6.docx - clBone cells that develop new bone are...

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clBone cells that develop new bone are called a. osteoclasts. b. osteocytes. c. osteoblasts. d. embryonic cells. The movement of an extremity towards the midline is called: a. Rotation b. Flexion c. Abduction d. Adduction Ossification, or bone creation, is the process by which a. the articular cartilage covers the epiphysis. b. osteoclasts begin to secrete enzymes. c. mineral matter replaces cartilage. d. cartilage is deposited between collagen fibers. The word root supinat means: a. Joint b. Painful changes in the joints c. Placing on the back d. Bending backward, swayback What is the name of the pivot on the second cervical vertebrae that permits us to turn our heads? a. Spinous process b. Transverse process c. Atlas process d. Odontoid process Which bone of the lower leg is known as the shin bone? a. Calcaneus b. Femur c. Fibula d. Tibia What bones form the shoulder girdle? a. Radius and ulnae b. Sternum and clavicles c. Humerus and radius
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d. Clavicles and scapulae On average, bone growth in females continues to about ________ years of age. a. 18 b. 16 c. 24 d. 20 The inorganic portion of bone is made from all the following mineral salts, except a. calcium chloride. b. calcium fluoride. c. calcium carbonate. d. calcium phosphate. Bones are formed of microscopic cells called a. osteocytes. b. embryonic cells. c. osteoblasts. d. osteoclasts. Hid The joint in which an extension of one bone rotates in a second arch-shaped bone is called: a. Ball-and-socket joint b. Pivot joint c. Amphiarthrosis d. Hinge joint e Fe Which type of fracture is characterized by the broken ends of the bone not piercing through the skin? a. Compound b. Comminuted c. Greenstick d. Closed edback The part of the bone that is necessary for bone growth, repair, and nutrition is the: a. Diaphysis b. Endosteum c. Periosteum d. Medullary canal
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This occurs when a bone is displaced from its proper position in a joint. a. Whiplash b. Dislocation c. Fracture d. Sprain The surgical repair of a damaged joint is called a(an): a. Arthroplasty b. Arthrectomy c. Amputation d. Arthroscopy Which method of repairing a fracture involves a pulling force to hold the bones in place? a. Traction b. Surgical plating c. Closed reduction d. Open reduction The second largest bone in the body is the: a. Femur b. Palatine c. Tibia d. Humerus An acute inflammation due to the accumulation of uric acid crystals that commonly affects the big toe is called: a. Osteoporosis b. Rickets c. Hammer toe d. Gout What are the bones of the fingers called? a. Metatarsals b. Phalanges c. Carpals d. Metacarpals This bone is found in front of the knee joint. a. Calcaneus b. Ulna c. Tibia d. Patella
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Which word root means small purselike sac? a. Carp b. Burs c. Circum d. Poro The point of contact between two bones is a: a. Joint b. Metatarsal c. Radius d. Endosteum The movement of an extremity away from the midline is called: a. Rotation b. Abduction c. Flexion d. Adduction Which bones permit the attachment of muscles that assist in arm movement and serve as a place for the attachment of the arms?
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