Vaccine Paper.docx - 1 Running head THE VACCINE CONTROVERSY The Vaccine Controversy Patient Reasons for “Vaccine Hesitancy” Southern Connecticut

Vaccine Paper.docx - 1 Running head THE VACCINE CONTROVERSY...

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1 Running head: THE VACCINE CONTROVERSY The Vaccine Controversy: Patient Reasons for “Vaccine Hesitancy” Southern Connecticut State University Adrianna Chorzepa
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2 THE VACCINE CONTROVERSY Disease has been around since the beginning of time. Disease is not only a human affliction; it affects all organic materials, including animals, plants, and even soil. According to the Merriam-Webster dictionary, the definition of disease is “ a condition of the living animal or plant body or of one of its parts that impairs normal functioning and is typically manifested by distinguishing signs and symptoms” (“Disease”, 2019). Ever since people have recognized abnormal changes in organic matter, there has been a desire to fix or cure the affliction to resume normal function. In ancient times, several cultures created and sought out remedies to cure illness. It wasn’t until 1796 that Edward Jenner inoculated the first patient from cowpox, which led to the first smallpox vaccine in 1798 (“A brief history of vaccination”, 2017). Since the invention of the first vaccine, immunizing people from disease has become a fundamental part of preventative medicine, especially in the U.S. where the immunization rate is “at or above record levels” (Fernbach, 2011, p. 337). Despite access to modern medicine and treatments, “vaccine hesitancy” has become more prevalent, largely due to the spread of conflicting information regarding the decision whether to vaccinate or to not. Although there is a myriad of reasons why patients might be hesitant to vaccinate themselves or their children, these reasons are usually based on misinformation and/or ignorance that healthcare providers should seek to correct with education and discussion of the benefits of immunization during the course of care. The misinformation should not be avoided or dismissed out of hand but addressed head on by medical professionals with more accurate evidence, since immunization is a vital and indispensable piece of preventative medicine. There are a variety of reasons why parents refuse vaccines for their children and why aging adults choose to avoid boosters and annual vaccinations. It is imperative that providers take the time to understand the reasoning for refusal, delay or hesitancy. According to Mckee and
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3 THE VACCINE CONTROVERSY Bohannon, there are four categories that contribute to “vaccine hesitancy” which are “religious reasons, personal beliefs or philosophical reasons, safety concerns, and a desire for more information from healthcare providers,” (2019, p.104). In order to combat the continuance of the refusal of vaccines, it is important to stress the advantages of immunizing. “Vaccine hesitancy” is a term used “ to describe anyone who is doubtful about vaccinations or who chooses to delay or refuse immunizations even when they are readily available” (Mckee & Bohannon, 2016, p.104). Despite evidence-based data supporting that it is in the best interest for patients to follow certain vaccination schedules set up by the Centers for
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  • Spring '19
  • kristi Maynard

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