2 Physical Geography.pdf - 2 Canada’s Physical Base Part...

This preview shows page 1 - 15 out of 95 pages.

2 Canada’s Physical Base
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Part I Physical vs Human Geography Physiographic Regions Climate Drainage Basins Political Ecology
Image of page 2
Introduction Physical geography helps us understand the regional nature of our world Why is Canada’s physical geography so essential to an understanding of its regional geography? Physical geography poses an underlying framework that moulds Canada’s national and regional character Fundamental explanation for Canada’s ecumene
Image of page 3

Subscribe to view the full document.

Physical Variations within Canada Physical geography (e.g., climate and landforms) varies across Canada Major landforms are the basis of seven physiographic regions in Canada Illustrate regional distinctiveness Regional geographers are interested in the interactive two-way relationship between people and the physical world, and how this relationship and the resultant human landscapes vary
Image of page 4
Physical Variations within Canada, cont’d Physical geographers are concerned with all aspects of the physical world Physiography, bodies of water, climate, soils, vegetation Most natural processes affecting changes are are slow Few, such as climate change, occur relatively rapidly Regional geographers are more interested in: How physical geography varies and influences human settlement The effect of human activities on the natural environment
Image of page 5

Subscribe to view the full document.

Physical Variations within Canada, cont’d Important points: Physical geography varies across Canada Physiographic regions represent one aspect of this natural diversity Climate, soils, and natural vegetation provide the basis for biodiversity across Canada Human activity is changing the natural environment into an urban industrial landscape Certain natural areas are more conducive for settlement
Image of page 6
Physiographic Regions A physiographic region is a large area of the earth’s crust that has three characteristics: 1. It extends over a large, contiguous area with similar relief features 2. Its landform has been shaped by a common set of geomorphic processes 3. It possesses a common geological structure and history
Image of page 7

Subscribe to view the full document.

Physiographic Regions, cont’d Canada has seven physiographic regions: 1. The Canadian Shield 2. The Cordillera 3. The Interior Plains 4. The Hudson Bay Lowlands 5. The Arctic Lands 6. The Appalachian Uplands 7. The Great Lakes–St Lawrence Lowlands
Image of page 8
Image of page 9

Subscribe to view the full document.

Physiographic Regions, cont’d
Image of page 10
Physiographic Regions, cont’d
Image of page 11

Subscribe to view the full document.

Physiographic Regions, cont’d Each region has a different geological structure and its own topography Different energy and mineral resources have shaped regional economies Glaciation shaped virtually all Canadian topography Different challenges and opportunities for human activity
Image of page 12
Arctic Lands Lies north of the Arctic Circle, and stretches nearly 10% of Canada A complex composite of coastal plains, plateaus, and mountains Three principal sub-regions: the Arctic Platform, the Arctic Coastal Plain, and the Innuitian Mountain Complex Ground is permanently frozen to great depths
Image of page 13

Subscribe to view the full document.

Physiographic Regions, cont’d
Image of page 14
Image of page 15
  • Fall '19

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes