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1 CORRECTIONAL ADMINISTRATION I 1. It is effected by the use of stocks and pillery, docking stool, branding and shaving off the hair of the offender. Shaming/Public humiliation 2. By this justification of punishment it resulted in retaliation and unending vendetta between the offender and the victim. Retribution 3. An offense committed by a member against another member arouses the condemnation of the whole group against the offender. Atonement 4. It believes that punishment gives a lesson to the offender, and that it holds crime commission in check. Deterrence 5. He advocated the theory that punishment should prevent others from committing like offenses and should be in the degree of severity enough to deter others. Becarria 6. A system of trial and punishment which is reformatory in purpose. Canonical Courts 7. He made the first attempt to explain crime, wherein he noted in his book “Nicomedian Ethics” that punishment is a means of restoring balance between pleasure and pain. Aristotle 8. It resulted in class discrimination due to wide use of discretion in imposing penalties. Judicial Individualization 9. Its main advantage was it was easy to administer and eliminated arbitrary sentence. Classical School 10. It admits that minors and certain adults are incapable of committing crimes. Neo-Classical School 11. It gave rise to exemption and mitigation of punishment. Neo-Classical School 12. Country which first established prison facilities. United States of America 13. System advocated by the Americans because it is cheaper to maintain. Auburn System 14. It abolished corporal punishment. Pennsylvania Reform Law of 1790 15. Its unique features of incarceration were adopted by most European countries. . Pennsylvania System 16. It is a training school type of institution program, social case work and extensive use of parole. Elmira Reformatory 17. The first parole was passed in 1837, in: Massachusetts 18. It was responsible for holding international penal and penitentiary congress every 5 years and was established in 1875. IPPC 19. A warden who limits his role to consider policy matters and major problems, his responsibility is centered on: Decision Making 20. A warden’s responsibility to provide leadership and assign responsibility for selection, training, recruitment and supervision. Personnel Program 21. During the primitive days, this punishment was given to criminal offenders by means of flogging, mutilation, maiming, disfiguration: Corporal punishment 22. Modern justification for punishment which concludes that society will be best protected if criminal offenders are rehabilitated. Reformation 23. People would tend to believe that by putting the offender in prison, society is safeguarded from further criminal depredation. Protection 24. He asserted that criminals are not free moral agents, but are products of traits and circumstances.
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