Unformatted text preview: Physical Anthropology Annual Editions Exam #3 NAME: Emma Manu loan
1. According to Joe Alper, author of Rethinking Neanderthals, the assessment of a few lines of evidence, such as burial sites and rock shelters,
paleoanthropologists generally agree that Neanderthals:
lived in small group sizes of 10 to 15, including children. This may have lead to their demise.
endured a lot of pain. They suffered many broken bones because they hunted large animals up close, stabbing prey with heavy spears.
cared for individuals with disabling injuries or illness.
all of the above
suffered from a wide range of ailments, including pneumonia and malnourishment
2. Joe Alper, author of Rethinking Neanderthals, discusses many new approaches to studying Neanderthals way of life. One way researchers test
their ideas about how Neanderthals made tools or how they created art is:
extracting ancient mtDNA from Neanderthal bones
implementing Carbon-14 dating techniques
analyzing coprolites from both Neanderthal and animal remains.
practicing paleo-mimicry: researchers themselves fashion tools and try to use them as Neanderthals might have
all of the above
3. Ann Gibbons, author of A New View of the Birth of Homo sapiens, discusses "the species problem". What is the species problem?
It refers to the idea that:
If Neanderthals and Anatomically moderns interbred and produced viable offspring then the definition of the biological species concept
would be violated.
If Neanderthals and Anatomically moderns interbred and produced viable offspring then Neanderthals would not be part of our gene pool
If Neanderthals and Anatomically moderns interbred then the African populations would have Neanderthal genes in their (African) gene
Only a and c
None of the above
4. Ann Gibbons, author of A New View of the Birth of Homo sapiens, discusses the scenarios of modern human origins. Which model supports the
recent Neanderthal DNA studies?
a. The Multi-Regional Model (b. Leaky Model c. The Replacement Model d. The Aquatic Model_e. The Machiavellian Model
5. According to Ann Gibbons, author of The Birth of Childhood, it pays to have babies early if parents face a high risk of death. Conversely,
mammals that face a lower risk of dying benefit if they wait to reproduce. Why? Because older mothers can grow stronger, bigger bodies which
produce bigger babies, who are more likely to survive.( a true b. false
6. According to Bearzi and Stanford, authors of A Bigger, Better Brain, humans, apes, and dolphins possess a high degree of intellect. Bottlenose
dolphins, apes and humans have the presence of spindle-shaped neurons, called Von Economo neurons which have been linked with:
a. large babies and low mortality rates
long life-spans and high fecundity rates
late maturation and short gestation periods
early maturation and long gestation periods
social fluency and the ability to sense what others think
7. According to Marks, author of Black White and Other?, classifying groups of people by race:
is essential to the study of anthropology
is necessary to support Darwin's theory of Natural Selection
denies the African origin of modern humans
supports the link between racial traits and social, cultural and political status
only a & b
8. As described by Barry Bogin, author of The Tall and the Short of It, plasticity refers to the ability of an organism to:
change its genetic destiny
insulate itself from its environment
manipulate its gene for growth
adapt in response to changes in the environment
only b & d
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- Fall '09