MINOR ESSAY SRAP100 .docx - Question 1 Yvonne Haigh in her book Public Policy in Australia(2012 p 5 argues that ‘Australian society fits well within

MINOR ESSAY SRAP100 .docx - Question 1 Yvonne Haigh in her...

This preview shows page 1 - 2 out of 5 pages.

Question 1: Yvonne Haigh in her book Public Policy in Australia (2012, p. 5) argues that ‘Australian society fits well within the traditions of a liberal democracy.’ Do you think that policy making in Australia tends to be influenced by liberalism? Why or why not do you think this is the case? Yvonne Haigh in her book Public Policy in Australia (2012, p. 5) claimed that ‘Australian society fits well within the traditions of a liberal democracy.’ In agreement with Haigh’s argument, this essay will explore Australia’s egalitarian society that embraces the tenets of liberalism alongside democratic practices which ultimately influences policy making in Australia. This essay begins by outlining liberalism and the ideals of a liberal democracy. It then claims that liberalism reinforces the rights of the individual, making it the priority of policy making. Then it argues that policy making is influenced by neoliberalism as it aims to constrain government power to leave room for individual autonomy. Both arguments are further developed with the ideals of a liberal democracy making reference to Haigh. Conversely, limitations occur as liberalism can be untenable in public policy making and policies can be developed through conservative values rather than progressive. This essay will show to what extent liberalism influences policy making in Australia. The universal notion of liberalism leads to numerous demarcations of liberalism. Liberalism emphasises that individuals have freedom of thought and expression and should be left to their own choices without interference from the State. Locke defines liberalism as where humans are naturally in ‘a State of perfect Freedom to order their actions…as they think fit… without asking leave or depending on the Will of any other Man’ (Locke 1960: 287). This brings in the question if any government intervention can be vindicated as the government are central to policy making. However, as stated in the Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy (2018: n.p.) the ‘social contract theory developed by Thomas Hobbes (1948), John Locke (1960), Jean-Jacques Rousseau (1973) and Immanuel Kant (1965)’ claims that if justified, limitations towards the individual’s liberty by the States policies are acceptable. Furthermore, Australian contemporary society has been leaning towards neoliberal policies. Blomgren (1997) perceives neoliberalism as a political philosophy that gives priority towards ‘individual freedom and the right to private property’ (Blomgren in Thorsen 1997: 13). This essay will now begin to argue that both liberalism and neoliberalism influences policy making in Australia. A liberal democracy encompasses a combination of safeguards to limit the power of government alongside free and fair elections. Australia is a liberal democracy as our political system underpins ‘individual freedom in conjunction with the tenets of liberalism which shape Australia as a nation’ (Haigh 2012: 5). Drawing, in particular, Haigh claims that the
Image of page 1

Subscribe to view the full document.

Image of page 2
  • One '19

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern

Ask Expert Tutors You can ask 0 bonus questions You can ask 0 questions (0 expire soon) You can ask 0 questions (will expire )
Answers in as fast as 15 minutes