research misconduct slides.pptx - The Responsible Conduct...

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The Responsible Conduct of Research: Research Misconduct Dr. Claudia Farber Assistant Dean Graduate School – New Brunswick [email protected]
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Responsible Conduct of Research Objectives Why study the Responsible Conduct of Research? Define “Research Misconduct” & “Questionable Research Practices (QRPs)” Review Rutgers Academic Integrity Policy Identify issues surrounding research misconduct Techniques to resolve problems Breakout groups & discussion of case studies
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Responsible Conduct of Research Why study RCR? 1. Mandated 1989: Office of Scientific Integrity (ORI) established for policy, oversight, investigation 2000: protection of research subjects 2007: America COMPETES Act Aug. 2009: NSF Regulations: “each institution...provide appropriate training and oversight in the responsible and ethical conduct of research to undergraduate students, graduate students, and postdoctoral researchers participating in the proposed research project.”
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Responsible Conduct of Research Why, continued 2.New structural forces - an ethically challenging environment for young scientists and engineers (Hollander, 09) Increasing complexity and competitiveness in research environments the prevalence of interdisciplinary and international involvement in research projects close coupling of commerce and academia 3.Maintain public support for research & trust in results Recent prominent cases: falsifying stem cell data; withholding data on cell phone driving risks; ghostwriting pharmaceutical studies by academics; vaccines and autism
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Responsible Conduct of Research “the right thing” “The scientific enterprise is built on a foundation of trust. Society trusts that scientific research results are an honest and accurate reflection of a researcher’s work. Researchers equally trust that their colleagues have gathered data carefully, have used appropriate analytic and statistical techniques, have reported their results accurately, and have treated the work of other researchers with respect. When this trust is misplaced and the professional standards of science are violated, researchers are not just personally affronted—they feel that the base of their profession has been undermined. This would impact the relationship between science and society.” (National Academy of Science, 2009)
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Responsible Conduct of Research However… “…research is not an organized profession in the same way as law or medicine. Researchers learn best practices in a number of ways and in different settings. The norms for responsible conduct can vary from field to field. Add to this the growing body of local, state, and Federal regulations and you have a situation that can test the professional savvy of any researcher.” (Steneck, 2007)
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Responsible Conduct of Research Federal Definition Research misconduct is defined as “fabrication, falsification, or plagiarism in proposing, performing, or reviewing research, or in reporting research results.” Fabrication
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