Evaluating Hemispheric Specialization Through Stro.docx -...

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UNIVERSITY OF THE EAST – MANILA COLLEGE OF ART AND SCIENCES BACHELOR OF SCIENCE MAJOR IN PSYCHOLOGY Evaluating Hemispheric Specialization Through Stroop Task In Partial Fulfillment of the Requirements for the Cognitive Psychology (APY 2203) subject of the Bachelor of Science in Psychology by: Gallo, Caryl Dane P. Lopez, Nicole Faith Olarte, Magielin Ann V. Submitted to: Prof. Melvin S. Carreon July 25, 2019
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Objective of the Study The current study aims to evaluate the difference of the left and right cerebral hemispheres in perceiving colors and words through stroop task. In line with this, the researchers seek to answer the following specific questions: 1. Is there significant difference in the reaction time among the three conditions: both eyes open, left eye close, and right eye close? 2. Is there any significant difference in the reaction time of male and female participants in the stroop task? Background of the Study Rationale The significance of the Stroop effect is that it appears to be granting the essential operations of cognition, along these lines offering pieces of information about cognitive processes and their neuro-cognitive architecture (Sahinoglu & Dogan, 2016). The researchers did the research by manipulating the independent variable before measuring the dependent variable without random assignment, a quasi-experimental study. The research was done at University of the East with a total number of 10 participants, 5 males, 5 females. With the aim of measuring selective attention, and how the left and right hemispheres of the brain varies with regards to gender. Introduction One of the mobile games that sprouted when smart phones were first introduced, or basically just a commonly known game is the stroop effect. Stroop effect is also one of the widely known experiment in psychology, first introduced
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by John Ridley Stroop on 1935. An individual is presented with a stimulus having two dimensions and required to respond to one of the two aspects of the stimulus and ignore the other. Under these circumstances it takes longer time for a subject to name the color of a color-word, the font of which is written in a different font-color than in naming the color of the same color-word, the font of which is written in the same font-color. In other words, when the two aspects of the stimulus are in harmony with each other, the response time shortens (Sahinoglu & Dogan, 2016). The behavior of human beings is based on a stimulus-response relationship. The environmental sensory information is encoded and evaluated by the brain and an appropriate response is put into action via the motor system. The cerebrum is looked with the issue of choosing the fitting move to be made in light of a specific improvement. The issue emerges from the way that the data handling framework works in a consecutive way; that is, each stage must be finished before the following; so definitely at the response stage all information meets up forming a congestion that renders the data preparing into a solitary channel framework (Sahinoglu & Dogan, 2016).
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