breast cancer.edited.docx - Breast Cancer Treatment and Prevention Breast cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells that begins in the breast tissue

breast cancer.edited.docx - Breast Cancer Treatment and...

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Breast Cancer Treatment and Prevention. Breast cancer is the uncontrolled growth of cells that begins in the breast tissue. According to the National Institutes of Health, about one in nine women develop this condition in their lifetime. Breast Cancer, after the skin cancer, is the second common type of cancer. The risk of women getting breast cancer increases with age, the older the women the higher the risk. Averagely, the age of diagnosis of this deadly disease is 62 years and the majority of the deaths occur at the age of 66 years. It is difficult to diagnose breast cancer for older women at the age of 70 years and above because of different reasons like higher noncompliance with treatment, high cost of treatment and presence of comorbidities that can contribute to mortality. This results too late diagnosis of breast cancer in elderly women and approximately 48% of patients older than 70 years have metastases already at the time of diagnosis. The probability of surviving breast cancer hhhave increased in recent years. For people to be able to treat and prevent this diseases the causes of the disease should be understood in depth. Both acquired and inherited mutations contribute to one developing breast cancer. DNA is a chemical substance in the cells of a human being that makes up the genes of the person. They contain information and instructions for a how a particular cell should function. Inherited mutations are those which are inherited from parents and these cause the cancer that runs in some families and this type of DNA mutation is causes cancer to people while they are younger. Proto-oncogenes are the genes that are helpful for the cells to grow normally and when these genes change or mutate or there is production of different copies of the genes, it becomes a detrimental gene that can stay activate or turned when it is not its appropriate time to stay activate or turned. When such a situation takes place the cell would uncontrollably
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grow and this can lead to a breast cancer since for cell to work abnormally in the body there must be a controlled growth and division of the cell. Tumor suppression genes also contribute to development of breast cancer. They are genes that slow down the process of cell growth and cell division. They also inform or instruct old cells when to die. This process where Tumor suppressor tells or instructs old cells when to die and this process is known as programmed cell death or apoptosis. When it is appropriate time for a cell to die and it does not die there is a higher possibility of breast cancer occurrence. There are also lifestyle related risk factors that can lead to breast cancer and one of the lifestyle is drinking alcohol. Alcohol drinking is greatly associated to an Increased risk of breast cancer and is also directly related to the amount of alcohol consumed, the higher the consumption the higher the risk. Women taking alcohol once in a day have a very minimal
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