Vision IAS CSP 2019 Test 14 Solutions.pdf -...

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1 ©Vision IAS VISION IAS ANSWERS & EXPLANATION GENERAL STUIDES (P) TEST 2664 (2019) Q 1.A The extremists ideology gained ground in the last years of 19th century and early years of 20th century in Indian freedom struggle due to the following factors: o Recognition of the True Nature of British Rule: Earliest nationalists through their studies and writings had exposed the true nature of British rule in India. Through their statistical data British rule and its policies like heaviest taxation policy were responsible for the economic ruin of India and her deeping poverty. Hence, deteriorating economic conditions of India and economic miseries of closing years of the 19th century provided a congenial atmosphere for the growth of extremism in India national activity o Growth of Education: While, on the one hand, the spread of education led to an increased awareness among the masses, on the other hand, the rise in unemployment and underemployment among the educated drew attention to poverty and the underdeveloped state of the country's economy under colonial rule. This added to the already simmering discontent among the more radical nationalists. o Growth of Confidence and Self-Respect: With this grew the faith in self-effort. Tilak, Aurobindo and Bipin Chandra Pal repeatedly urged the nationalists to rely on the character and capacities of the Indian people. A feeling started gaining currency that only the masses were capable of making the immense sacrifices needed to win freedom. o Reaction to Increasing Westernisation: The new leadership felt the stranglehold of excessive westernisation in Indian life, thoughts and politics were challenged to Indian religion and thoughts. The materialistic and individualistic western civilization was eroding the value of Indian culture and civilization. o Contemporary International Influences: Events outside India exercised the powerful influence on the younger generation. The humiliating treatment meted out to Indians in British colonies especially in South Africa created anti-British feelings. Remarkable progress made by Japan after 1868 and its emergence as an industrial power opened the eyes of Indians to the fact that economic progress was possible even by an Asian country without any external help. Hence, all the statements are correct. Q 2.C Ghadar Party was formed 1 November, 1913 at the San Francisco, U.S.A with the efforts of the Lala Hardayal. The party highlighted the point that Indian were not respected in the world abroad as they were not free. Ghadar programme was to organise assissinations of officials, work among Indian troops stationed abroad, procure arms and carried out revot in British colonies. In 1911, during the Delhi Durbar, George V, then Emperor of India, made the announcement that the capital of the Raj was to be shifted from Calcutta to Delhi.
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