Vision IAS CSP 2019 Test 34 Solutions.pdf - Join Our...

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1 ©Vision IAS VISION IAS ANSWERS & EXPLANATION GENERAL STUIDES (P) 2684 (2019) Q 1.B During a National Emergency: The Parliament acquires the power to legislate with respect to matters in the State List, while a proclamation of national emergency is in operation. The laws become inoperative on the expiration of six months after the emergency has ceased to operate. Here also, the power of a state legislature to make laws on the same matter is not restricted. But, in case of repugnancy between state law and parliamentary law, the latter is to prevail. Hence statement 1 is not correct. During President‘s Rule: When the President‘s rule is imposed in a state, the Parliament becomes empowered to make laws with respect to any matter in the State List in relation to that state. A law made so by the Parliament continues to be operative even after the president‘s rule. This means that the period for which such a law remains in force is not co-terminus with the dura tion of the President‘s rule. But, such a law can be repealed or altered or re-enacted by the state legislature. Hence statement 2 is correct. Q 2.B In Bengal a religious movement called Tariqah-i-Muhammadiya developed under the leadership of Titu Mir(1782-1831). Starring his career as a hired muscleman for the local zamindars, Titu later went to Mecca, and was initiated by Sayyid Ahmad Barelwi. He came back to preach Islam in a 250-square-mile area in the northern part of the district of 24 Parganas on both sides of the rivers Jumna and lchhamati. His followers came mainly from the poor Muslim peasants and weavers, who were organised into a community with distinctive dress and beard as markers of identity. As this self-assertion of the peasantry challenged the established relations of power, the local zamindars tried to curb them in various ways, by imposing, for example, a tax on beard. Titu Mir and his followers defied the existing authority-as represented by the local zamindars, the indigo planters and the state-established their own regime, started collecting taxes and struck terror in the region. The government ultimately had to mobilise the army and artillery and on 16 November 1831 blew off Titu's bamboo fortress to crush his movement. The Tariqah movement described above owed its origin to the school of the eighteenth century Sufi saint Shah Waliullah of Delhi and derived its inspiration from Shah Sayyid Ahmad of Rae Bareli, the followers of whom were commonly known in colonial parlance as 'Wahabis'. Q 3.B Pair 1 is correctly matched - Mars has two moons: Phobos and Deimos. Pair 2 is not correctly matched- Titan is the moon of Saturn . Pair 3 is correctly matched- Hippocamp is a newly discovered moon of Neptune .
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