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Unformatted text preview: vance asterclass A NEW EDITION Student's Book Tricia Aspinall Annette Capel with Structure s e c t i o n s by Kathy Gude OXFORD U N I VE RS I T Y PR E S S Contents I Exam Factfile Listening and Reading Writing Speaking ..... Un it 1 Loud and Clear 12 · · · l Order ing to pics l Pa rt 4: shor t extract s m atchin g descript ion s to sp ea kers S Pa rt s 1 and 3 int rod uctio ns p ictu re discuss ion turn-laking st ra tegies · · · 14 recogniz ing style and registe r selecting a pp ropria te vocabu la ry writ ing a postca rd ·· · -Y Un it 2 Fighting Fit 28 · y l Part 1: mon ologue · · se nt ence co m ple tion S Part 3 discussing adva n tages and disad vantages 25 Part 1: in formal lett e r _ selecti ng information deciding on register checking your a nswer ·· · Unit 3 Getting to Know You 34 · ·· · ~ Un it 4 l Part 3: dial ogue Yes I No sta te me nts S Part 2 picture discu ssion: s im ilarities I d ifferen ces · 52 · · Style time refere nces eng aging the read er 's interest L Part 4: short e xtracts mat ch in g pictures to speakers answe ring multiple c ho ice ques tion s · · · S Part 3 asking qu estion s • int errupting politel y All Walks of Life 66 62 Par t 3: mult iple -choice q ues tions : A Band of Gold L Part 2: monologue • co m pleting programme notes S Part s 2 a nd 4 picture discu ssion: co m pa re a nd cont rast talk ing about lifestyle: e xplain a nd d iscuss · · · · · · 10 word building: adjectives and nouns 17 Part 3: e rror correc tion 18 · ove rview of gra m ma r cove red in uni ts ·· · modals a nd mean ing modals a nd the pe rfec t in fin itive use of need negat ive for ms ·· · ze ro conditional firs t conditional second cond itio na l 14 com pound ad jec tives 16 words with similar meanin gs phras al verbs : infor mal/ formal register · 23 confusable word s: stimula nt , stim ulus treat , cure, Ileal 22 Par t I: voca bu lary doze 31 Part 2: gra mmar doze 31 38 · co nfus ab le wo rds : staid. rebellio us · metaphori cal la nguage · phrasal verb s with up and out 42 45 Pa rt 4: word for mation 46 47 Pa rt 2: gra mmar clozc pages 48- 61 48 ·· · ·· ~ Unit 5 38 Part 2: acc ount producin g a formal register organizin g informa tion Can You Believe It? Introduct io n to gap ped texts: Kaspar Hauser seq uencing refe rencing voca bula ry comprehension Struct ure pages 34-47 41 Part 3: m ult lple-chcice q ues tions: Body Language vocab ula ry com p re hens ion elimi na ting options find ing relevan t pa rt s of a text Style 'gene ral in tere st ' art ides English in Use pages 20-33 20 Par t 1: multipl e ma tching: Health and Safe ty ar Work • ma tching hea dings Style use of the im pe rsonal it Vocabula ry pages 9-19 9 Skim reading: The world ofDoub tespeat: introduction to sp eed reading vocabulary co m p rehe ns ion pages 5-8 55 Part 2: co m pe tition entry use of ad verbs a nd adjectives openings. usc of quest ion s, de scr ipti on , choice of ten se · 51 49 Par t 3: e rro r correc tion 59 · Part 2: gra m mar doze 59 · · · ten ses in accounts a nd narrat ives past per fec t a nd sim ple pa st used f or, used 10 be, get used to , would · · · di rec t a nd report ed speech const ructio ns after report ing ve rbs adverbs a nd rep orting ve rbs pages 62-73 69 Part 1: rep ort writ ing s um ma rizing paragraphs giving a recommendation · · · · · 64 65 ad ject ives a nd ad verbs to desc ribe lifestyles Part 5: registe r tra nsfer 68 Part 3: e rro r correction express ions to do with wea ther suffixes 72 72 List ening and Reading y 74 81 78 l Part 2: mo nologue · · · co m pleti ng pro gramme note s S Part 2 pic tu re d iscu ssion: de scr ibe a nd identify 91 ~ Unit 8 Pa rt s 2 a nd 4 picture di scu ssion : co m pa re an d co ntras t developing a discussion l Part I: monologue se ntence co m plet io n · · · 102 in tervie w • mu lti ple-ch oice q ues tio ns S Part 3 pi ctu re d iscu ssion: sel ecting ra nk o rde ring _I Unit 9 Rites and Rituals · · Style m e tapho rical lang uage Part 2: gu ide boo k e ntry recognizing differences of style · · · · voca bulary doze 83 79 adverbs used to Pa rt 6: ph rase gap inte ns ify adje ctiv es adve rbs use d to intro d uce I speci fy info rmation ·· · 85 will and goi ng to p rese nt co nti nuous. sim p le present, future con tinuous, sim ple futu re about to and on tile wtso of · 93 phrasal ve rbs with up and out 90 Par t 3: e rro r co rre ction 96 96 ·· · wishes and reg rets miss if only · ·· defi ning an d nondefining re lative clauses noun clauses adve rb clause s Part 2: grammar cloze · · 104 co llocations 105 99 Part 6: phrase gap co nfusable wor ds: wor ds rela te d to travel 108 Part 2: art icle choos ing a n appropria te title para gra phing · · · · · 11 2 forc e ful lan gua ge ' 16 11 8 Pa rt 6: phrase ga p co nfusable word s 11 9 · 121 p rese nt pe rfect vs sim p le past present perfect simple vs co ntinuo us • f or, since , long, yet, still future pe rfect simp le a nd co n tinuous · · phrasa l verb s with off a nd down pages 124-136 130 l Part 2: mo nol ogue · · ·· ph rases 78 Pa rt I : pages 111-123 11 8 · 124 · 76 order of adjectives: writin g descript ive · 11 4 S Parts 3 and 4 discussion an d ne goti at ion l Pa rt 3: radio phone -in matchin g sta te me n ts to s pe a kers Unit 10 Who Cares? Part 2: gapped text: Fashio n Com passion id entifyin g co nt e nt lin ks vocabulary comprehens io n · lOS · · · Part 1: letters writ ing two letters in contrasti ng re gist er s informal features 99 l Pa rt 2: radio ", Stru cture pages 99-110 · Part I: m ult iple m atc hing : Going back to the ir roots • identifyin g topic s Style style fe a tures of a ma ga zin e I ne wspa pe r or gan iza tio n of a n article English in Use pages 87-98 94 s Going Places Part I: multiple ma tching: Go fo r it! • ma tch ing heading s • ma tc h ing state me nts Style use of co hesive devices · · · · 87 · · ~ . Part 2: review includ ing op inion a nd de scription pos itive an d ne ga tive po ints Unit 7 Welcome to the Real World Part 2: gapped te xt: Tile Ups an d Downs of rile music business ident ifying co ntent link s voca bula ry comprehens ion Vocabu lary pages 74-86 Unit 6 Culture Vultures Part 1: multiple m atching: The List voca bu la ry com preh en sion y Writing Speaking se n te nce complet ion S Part s 3 a nd 4 disc uss ion a nd nego tiati on rep orting bac k ra nk o rde ring 127 Part L form al lett e r se lect ing info rm at ion • plann ing yo ur a ns we r · · 130 phrasal ver bs with all 131 Pa rt 4: wo rd form a tion ·· · · 134 ge ru nds p rese nt partic iple s infinit ive vs presen t pa rticip le ge ru nds a nd infinitives List enin g and Speaking Readin g ~ Unit 11 Writing Today's World ~ Unit12 144 S Pa rts 3 and 4 • di scussing benefits an d drawbacks Part 2: lea flet layou t a nd organization identifying re gister L Part 2: rad io ·· ·· · int e rview co m pleting notes true I fals e statements · · 148 15 5 152 Pa rt I : formal letter a nd no te --;- m a kin g formal co m p laints L Part 3: dialogue Yes f No sta te me nts · 5 Part 3 discuss io n a nd ju stificatio n ran k o rdering · · 14 2 phrasal verbs with over 14 0 Part 5: register tran sfer 14 6 Pa rt 2: gra mmar doze ·· · 14 6 th ird conditional cond it iona l link word s m ixed co nd itio na ls pages 148-158 Let's Get Organized Part 2: gapped text: Small is beautiful ide n t ifying co n te nt link s Structure Engli sh in Use pages 137-147 141 13 7 Part 3: multiple-choice questions: The t m e vatue of age • find ing relevan t parts of a texr Style giving an op inion speculating reporting sta te m e nts Vocabul ary · · 150 prefixes 15 2 150 Part z: grammar doze 15 7 ·· passive form s ha ve som ething done ·· in ver sions con cessio ns the lan gu age o f gua ra ntees · ~ Unit 13 Law and Order 16 2 159 Pa rt 3: multiple-cho ice questions: Little Joey's Lost Childhood fin d ing re levant parts of a text vocabulary comprehe nsion · · "I pages 159-169 164 L Pa rt 4: sho rt extracts · · ·· matchi ng pict ures to spe akers id e n tifying speakers' fee lings S Pa rts 2 and 3 Part 2: character reference giving a balanced pict ure · · pa ragraphing 173 · · Style features offact ual repo rts · confusa ble words: sensible, sensitive 17 6 sentence co m pletio n S Pa rt 1 • in tro d uci ng another stu dent Part 2 • picture d iscu ssio n: spo t the di fference Part 3 picture discussion: evaluating and ranking Pa rt 4 advantages and disadva ntages develop ing a discussion Pa rt 2: repo rt cho os ing section he adi ngs writing a n int ro d uction · · · 17 8 ph ra sal verbs: m ultiple meanings pages 184-192 Vocabulary Resource pages 193- 195 pages 196-206 Stu d ent's Book Answe rs 1 19 7 180 Gra m m ar re view medals co nd itio na ls re ported sp eech dependent cla use s verb te nses ge ru nds a n d infinitives passive s in ve rsions ·· ·· · · ·· · Wri tin g Resource 171 Pa rt 3: error correction Part 6: p h rase ga p · 19 6 Part 2: grammar cloz e 177 · Appendi x 168 168 pages 170-183 170 L Part 1: monologue · 16 5 164 Part 5: regi ste r transfer pictu re d isc ussion discussion an d re port ing back Unit 14 Tomorrow's World Part 1: m ultiple matchi ng : An Overview ofTeleworking matching hea dings to sections id ent ifying to pics · · 16 3 ex p ressions wit h get Stu d ent's Bo ok Activities Tapescript Exam Factfile The Certificate in Advanced English (Cam bridge Level 4) has five papers. Each pap er is wort h 20 % of the to tal marks and you will receive an overa ll grade based on your perfor ma nce across th e five papers . There are three pass gra des - A, Band C - and three fail grad es - D, E and U (u nclassified). Paper 1 Reading (1 hour 15 minutes) In Pape r I, you have to read four texts and answe r between 40 an d 50 qu estion s. The length of CAE reading texts can be from 450 word s to 1,200 word s, dep ending on th e task involved , but th e total amount of reading is always around 3,000 words. The texts are taken from a variety of sources including magazin es, newspapers and non -fiction materi al. They are 'authe n tic' texts in that they have not normally been ed ited and are us ually prese nted in the ir or igina l form. Youwrite your answers on speciai ans wer shee ts an d mu st do thi s within th e total tim e allowed for the pap er. Task ty pe Task format Parts 1 and 4 Multiple matching The re are always two sepa rate texts, on e o n a single pa ge (Part 1) with 8- 12 qu estions, an d on e double page with 15-20 qu estions (part 4). The task involves on e or more of the following : • matching head ings to parts of the text • matching topi cs to parts of th e text • m atching state me nts to parts of the text Masterclass examllie Unit 2, pages 28-29 Unit 6, pages 74-75 Unit 8 , pages 102-103 Test tow s: abili ty to skim a text for overall meaning, and to sca n for spe cific information . Part 2 Gapped text This is an incomplete text with 6 to 8 paragraphs missin g. You have to select th e missin g paragraphs from a cho ice which includes one extra paragraph. Unit 7, pages 92-93 Test tows: understanding of the organi zation of a text. Part 3 Multiple-ch oice A text followed by between 5 and 8 multiple-choice qu est ions with four options. Unit 3, pa ges 34-37 Test tow s: detailed comprehe nsio n of a text and your ability to interpret it. Exam Factfi le I 5 Paper 2 Writing (2 hours) In Paper 2, you have to answer tw o qu estions. each requi ring an answer of around 250 words in length . You have to writ e a particul a r text type for a specified reader. The text type is always indi cated in the questio n in bold (for example article , letter, report) and the target reader of the piece of wr iting is clearl y specified. The paper has two parts: Part I and Part 2. Part I consists of one compulsory task. In Part 2 you m ust complete one task from a choice offour. Scripts are assessed both in terms of lan gu age and task achievement; each answer is given a mark of between 0 and 5. Part I Task format Masterclass examRle This is a compulsory question consisting of one or two written tasks. You have to process wr itten ma terial of up to 400 words and use information se lec ted from this input in your answer. The inp ut m ay in clude one or more text types, incl ud ing formal or in formal letter s, informal not es, reports, question na ires and articles. Unit 2, pages 26-27 (forma l letter ) Un it 5, pages 70-71 (repor t) Unit 7, pages 94-95 (forma l and informal letters) Test f oc us: ab ility to se lec t and s um m ar ize informati on from the input, as well as ab ility to write a specified text typ e for a ta rge t reader. Part 2 You have to answer on e question from a ch oice of four. On e question will always be work-ori ented. Th e range of te xt types includes: • article Un it 9, pages 119-1 20 • character referen ce Unit 13, pages 166 - 167 • competition entry • guide b ook entry Unit 4, pages 56 -58 Unit 8, pages 106-1 07 Unit II, pages 144-145 • leaflet • letter Unit 3, pages 39-40 • report Unit 14,page 179 • review Unit 6, pages 79-80 Test focus: overall command of English and ability to write one of the text types above for a target reader. Paper 3 English in Use (1 hour 30 minutes) Paper S co ns ists of six parts, with a total of between 70 an d 80 items. You writ e yo ur answers on special answer sheets a nd m ust do this within the total time allowed for the pap er. Task type Task format Masterclass example Part I Vocabulary cloze This is a multiple- choice cloze. Yo u are given a sh ort text of app roximately 200 words with 15 ga ps a nd four op tions for each gap. Unit 2, pages 22-23 Test focus: vocabulary 6 I Exam Factfile Task ly!!e Task format Masterelass exam!!le Part 2 This is a short text of ap proximately 200 words with 15 gap s. You have to complete each gap with one word. Unit 12, pages 150-1 51 Grammar doze Test fo cus: grammar Part 3 Error correction You are given a short text with numbered lines, mo st of which conta in an error. Errors are of one of the following types: • spelling and punctuation • unn ecessary word Unit 1, page 17 Unit 4, pag e 49 Test focus : ability to proofread written English, as well as spelling and punc tuation Part 4 Word form ation You are given two short texts which contain gaps in mo st of the ir lines. For each gap, a word is given in capital lett ers, and you must form another word from th is to fill the gap. Unit 3, pag e 45 Unit 10, page 131 Test[ocus: voca b ulary Part S Register transfer This consists of two texts. One is a shor t text in either a formal or informal register, and the second is a gapped text in a cont rast ing register. Yo u have to complete th e second text using th e informati on from the first text. Unit 13, pag es 164-165 Test focus: style and register Part 6 Phrase gap Yo u are given a lon ger text of approximately 300 words, with a number of gaps and a se t of phrases I short sentences. Yo u have to fit the correct phrases I short sen tences into the text. Unit 6, pages 83-84 Test fo cus: text structure and cohesion Paper 4 Listening (abou t 4 5 minutes) The actua l listening test lasts approxim ately 35 minutes and you are th en given 10 minutes to trans fer your answers to a s pecial ans wer shee t. The paper has four Parts an d between 35 and 40 qu estions in all. Task type Task format Masterclass example Part I Youwill he ar on e perso n speaking and m ust compl ete se niences or notes. The re will be aro u nd 10 gaps to complete . The recording is heard twice. Unit 2, pages 2 1-22 Part 2 You will hear one person spe aking and mu st complete sen tences or notes. There will be around 10 gaps to complete. The recording is he ard once only. Unit 6, page 82 Test fo cus: un derstanding and a pplication of specifi c information from the record ing. Exam Factfile I 7 Task type Task format Masterdass example Part 3 You will hear more th an on e person spea king and mu st show an understanding of th e content, esp ecially th e attitudes or opin ions of th e spea kers, by answering multiple-choice qu estions, identifying statements made by a spea ker, makin g shor t notes or com pleting sentences. Th e number of qu estion s dep ends on the task type. The reco rding is heard twice . Unit 3, page 4 1 (identifying sta te me nts ) Unit 8, page 100 (multiple-choice qu estions) Test focus : overa ll understa nding of conte nt, incl uding th e attit udes and op inions of the speakers. Part 4 You will hear five short extracts of different peo ple speaking Unit 4, pag e 50 a nd m ust complete two m ultiple matching tasks or a single mu ltiple choice task. The re are always 10 q uestions to complet e. The recording is hea rd twice . Test focus: abili ty to identify overall context, opinions a nd top ics. Paper 5 Speaking (abou t 15 m inut es] The Speaking test is taken in pairs or groups of three, with two examiners presen t. On e examine r ac ts as an assesso r and does not participate in the test at all. Yo u are assessed on your general lan guage ab ility and not on your pe rsona lity or world know ledge. Th e exam ine r who is assessin g you awards you between 0 and 8 marks eac h for flue ncy ; accu racy; range; pronuncia tion and task achievem ent. A global im pression mark of be twee n 0 and 8 is also awarded by eac h exam iner and the total marks are th en sca led down to a mar k out of 40. There are fou r pa rts to the tes t. Task type Task format Masterdass example Part I You and another candidate have to ask each other qu estions Unit t , pa ges 10-11 abo ut yourselves in an introductory way. Test fo cu s: ability to in troduce yourself and respond to qu estions. You have to take turns with another candidate to do tasks related to ph ot ographs or other visua l mater ial. Part 2 Unit 3, pag e 44 Test f ocus : ability to desc ribe an d co mme nt on a visua l prompt, and use turn-takin g skills. In Part 3, you h ave to discu ss a to pic or pro blem with anot her Part 3 Un it 8, page 10 1 candidate and arrive at a conclusion. Test foc us: skills of negotiation and pe rsuasion, and ability to reach an ag reement or to 'agree to disagree'. You and another cand idate have to discu ss the topics introduced in Part 3 in greater dep th with th e interlocut er. Part 4 Test fo cus: ability to explain, sum marize and develop th e discussion you had in Part 3. 8 I Exam Factfile Unit 11, page 142 Loud and Clear Listening and Speaking Face to Face . SONY V d W .. . "A ... n<:a Onhnc Con lrGl.o:"",. Th. ,......,n.<II ten be uood to, 11'1.< .. ~ "" ..,..,.,.... ""rcu , ..... "" r......... cr oox• ..., 'lh."" r-"'>O.l .M1 ""'" ere ",.", ,.,..... n", "0' """ to A........ . .. Introduction 1 Look at these statements. Face -ta-face communication minimi zes the risk of misunderstanding. Cons equen tly, the video phone will be a huge asset to society. Mobil e phones are a public nui sance and should be banned . Do you agree with the views expressed? Listening 2 Do yo u think we have become bett er comm unicators wit h all th e hi gh -tech aids we have toda y? Give reasons for yo ur answer. 1 How good a listener a re you? Which of these could apply to you during a typi cal conversation? Tick the boxes and then compare your results with another student. ~ Do you hear what I'm saying? Day-dreaming about something complete ly unrelated Losing interest in what another person is saying Finishing off sentences for slow or boring speakers Misinterpreting. either deliberately or by accident Rltering the message - hearing what you want to Butting in before you have heard all the facts Trying to change the subject prematurely Fidgeting and causing other distractions to the speaker o o o o o o o o Listening and Speaking UNIT 1 I 9 2 The followin g words are all to do with qualities a good listener m ay ha ve. Ca n you provid e the reiat ed adjec tives or nouns? Noun alertn ess Adjec ti ve restraint atte ntive resp ect ful Co mplete the se se ntenc es about good listen ers, choos ing suitable nouns or adjectives from those above. ~ 1 Jan et was very in th e me eting today - she p icked...
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