HIST EXAM I TERMS - HIST 106 EXAM I TERMS 1 Reconstruction...

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HIST 106 EXAM I TERMS 1. Reconstruction: the attempt by the federal government of the United States to resolve the issues of the American Civil War, after the Confederacy was defeated and slavery ended. Addressed how secessionist Southern states would return to the Union, the civil status of the leaders of the Confederacy, and the Constitutional and legal status of the Negro Freedmen. 2. 13 th Amendment: Reconstruction Amendment which officially abolished and continues to prohibit slavery, and with limited exceptions, such as those convicted of a crime, prohibits involuntary servitude. 3. 14 th Amendment: Reconstruction Amendment which secured the rights for former slaves by requiring the states to provide equal protection under the law to all persons (not only to citizens) within their jurisdictions. 4. 15 th Amendment: Reconstruction Amendment which provides that governments in the United States may not prevent a citizen from voting based on that citizen’s race 5. Slavery Over?: 1. Persistent Black Poverty due to sharecropping 2. Emergence of Black Codes and Jim Crow Laws 3. The Great Migration to the North 4. The general feeling of white supremacy 6. Booker T. Washington: African Americans should attend school, learn skills, and establish a solid footing in agriculture and the trades. i.e. Adopt the standards of the white middle class 7. Black Codes: authorized local officials to apprehend unemployed blacks, fine them for vagrancy, and hire them out to private employers to satisfy the fine. Forbade Blacks from taking jobs other than those formerly held by slaves 8. Civil Rights Act (1866): declared blacks to be citizens of the United States and gave the federal government power to intervene in state affairs to protect the rights of citizens 9. New South: 1. The Compromise of 1877 was supposed to be the first step toward developing a stable permanent Republican Party in the South 2. Redeemers were a powerful, conservative oligarchy, who controlled the South, much the same as the ruling class of the antebellum period 3. Southern leaders hoped to see their region develop a vigorous industrial economy 4. Workers paid less and working conditions worse in South 10. Lost Cause: movement that attempted to reconcile the Confederacy’s loss of the Civil War. The South was devastated physically, psychologically, socially, politically, and economically by its loss 11. KKK: Secret society that used terrorism to frighten or physically bar blacks from voting.
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