7.1 study guide.docx - BIO 265 Section 7.1 Study Guide...

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BIO 265 Section 7.1: Study Guide Section 7.1 Objective: Describe the functional anatomy of the Kidney. 7.1 - THE KIDNEY: FUNCTION, ANATOMY, AND THE NEPHRON 7.1.1 - Urinary System Function Describe the three main functions of the Kidney.
7.1.2 - Functional Anatomy of the Urinary System The path from Blood to Urine: Describe the anatomy and path that urine takes as the blood travels from the abdominal aorta and is filtered in the kidney to be excreted . Study Tip: You may want to create a concept map on that allows you to zoom in and add further details as you learn about them.
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BIO 265 Urethal orifice, urinary bladder(500ml), ureter, hilum(also an entry point of the renal artery and nerves, exit point for the renal vein lymphatics, ureter), renal pelvis, major calyces, minor calyces, collecting duct which is the nephron During pregnancy women have to pee more cause baby sits on top of bladder Women’s urethra is shorter making them more susceptible to bacterial infection UTI 3 semi sealed openings in the bladder- 1. The urethral opening, and two ureteral openings. At the bottom of the bladder opening to the urethra is the internal urinary sphincter (controlled muscle) At the posterior side, near the bottom of the bladder are two ureteral openings- ureter which leads to the kidneys…these two openings compress wavelike contractions (peristalsis) move urine in only one direction.

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