terms - HIST 106 EXAM II 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 PROGRESSIVE ERA...

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HIST 106 EXAM II 1. PROGRESSIVE ERA, 1900-1920: a. Period of reform in all aspects of government b. Strongly opposed waste and corruption c. Sought change in regard to worker’s rights and protection of the ordinary citizen in general d. Started locally and eventually moved to the national level with the formation of the party e. Predominantly well educated, white Protestants who were middle class and lived in the cities f. Movement by the people to curb the power of special interest, to empower some groups and restrict or control others g. Against the excessive power of urban bosses, corporate moguls, and corrupt elected officials h. Make politics more efficient and less corrupt i. Belief that individuals are a part of a great web of social relationships (Social Cohesion) j. Belief in organization and efficiency k. The Environment shaped individual development 2. MIDDLE CLASS REFORM MOVEMENT: a. The new middle class was a class tied to the emerging national economy b. Reform efforts were made to improve the moral fabric of families and communities c. Working conditions improved and child labor became phased out 3. REFORM VS. REVOLT: a. Progressive Reforms in response to unsettling nature of populist era. b. Those in power to step back and make more of a reform 4. PROFESSIONALISM: a. A boom occurred in a number of administrative and professional tasks b. Industries needed managers, technicians, and accountants as well as workers c. As the demand for professional services increased, so did the pressures for reform d. American Medical Association (AMA): created a baseline standard for medical practices in the US. Improved health standards significantly by making sure all doctors were qualified e. An increase in privatized medicine, boosted the quality of health 5. THEODORE ROOSEVELT—SQUARE DEAL: a. Reinforcement of antitrust acts (Sherman) b. New Deal in Response to this c. Program aimed at helping middle class citizens d. Attacked the plutocracy and trusts while at the same time protecting business from the extreme demands of unorganized labor 1 1
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HIST 106 EXAM II 6. WOODROW WILSON: a. 28 th President, known as the “intellectual” of the Progressive Era b. Elected, because Roosevelt and Taft divided the Republican vote c. Successful in establishing the Federal Trade Commission, Clayton Antitrust Act, the Underwood Tariff, and the Federal Reform System d.
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