Chapter one terms music.docx - Chapter one(terms Sound...

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Chapter one (terms) Sound: Contains pitch, dynamics, tone color, and duration Pitch: Highness or lowness of sound. Tone: sound with a definite pitch. Interval: distance in pitch between 2 notes Octave: sounds that sounds alike but first note of the scale and the last. Dynamics: the degree of loudness and softness in music. Range: Distance between the highest note and loudest note Crescendo: starting from soft and getting louder. Tone color (Timbre): Different sounds Preforming media: o Voices: Men: Tenor (highest pitch), baritone (middle), base (lowest). Women: Soprano (highest pitch), mezzo-soprano (middle), contralto (lowest). o Instruments: Keyboard: Piano: hitting the strings Harpsichord: plucks the strings (which is called plectrum, a tool) Organ: pipe organ Accordion: has steel reeds inside Electronics: They generate, modify, and control the sound Electric guitar Synthesizer Wooden instruments: Flute Clarinet Oboe Bassoon saxophone o Single reed instruments: clarinet, saxophone. o Double reed instruments: oboe, bassoon Press: Trumpet French horn Trombone Tuba (power) Percussion instruments: (Timpani and chimes are definite pitch) (indefinite pitch: side drum, bass drum, triangle, symbols) Timpani Xylophone Marimba Chimes String instruments:
Violin Viola Cello Double bass o String techniques Pizzicato: wants a different sound, different tone (Plucking the strings) Vibrato: moving the left hand.

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