ARH mod 3-3.docx - Baroque art in Northern Europe Intro and...

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Baroque art in Northern EuropeIntro and FlandersMany of same characteristics seen in 17thcentury Italian and Spanish artBut also, different-Southernbaroque (Italy and spain)oMore dramatic, emotional, religious, tied to Catholic church-Northernbaroque (Flanders, Netherlands, France)oMore conservative and secular, less emotionalMore moderate nature of Northern Baroque = Protestant religion dominated regionBoth Southern and Northern Europe-Art promote political and religious agenda-Celebrate powers and authority of rulers and nobility-Celebrate status and wealthI.Peter Paul Rubens (abbreviated as PPR)a.Flanders(area in Belgium today) remained Catholicb.Leading 17thcentury Flemish artistc.Helped internationalizethe baroqued.Studied in italy developed dynamic styleII.Elevation of theCross– 1610 PPRa.His 1stmajor altarpieceb.created after returned to Belgiumc.figures: muscular, show physical power and passionatefeelingsi.reminiscent of Michelangelo’s figures from Sistine ceilingd.composition of central figure Christ (in central panel)i.derives from HellenisticGreek statue: Laocoon and his Sons, a piece he had drawn in Romee.execution of light influence of Caravaggiof.Flemish roots (back to Van eyck) illustrated in careful, realistic depictionsof plants, and details of soldier’s armor
III.Arrival of Marie de’ Medici at Marseilles 1622-1625(1 painting from cycle)a.Style – high pointb.Created 21panels for Queen of France, Marie de’ Medicic.intended to decorate Queen’s new homed.one of her goals – be seen as patron of the arts, like herancestors, the Medici of Florencee.Rubens’ contract = paint Marie’s heroicdeedsi.Other goal for cycle – justify her life, hopes of glossingover her more dishonorable actionsf.Marie decidedwhat was depictedi.Ex. Arrival at Marseilles as young woman to marry Kingof Franceii.Ships landing and passengers getting off not typicallythrillingiii.Rubens turned it into a spectacle of grandeur byincluding personifications, mythical figuresgreet Marie1.Personification of France(blue cloak with gold fleurde lis) bows to her in welcome2.Sea god Neptuneguaranteed her safe arrival3.Nereids(daughters of water god Nereus) witness arrival and welcome her and pull her ship to shore and tie it up (Length of rope between them)a.The nereids show Rubens’ idea of female beauty(they look more womanly than girlish, full-figured, full-breasted, broad-waisted4.Overhead, personification of fameblows his trumpet in saluteg.Viewers left no doubt of special eventi.Forms = monumentalii.Color richiii.Details are beautifulh.Give impression of energy, glorification, and majestyIV.Consequences of War- 1638-1639a.As a painter and diplomat, PPR spent his life promoting the idea of peace, but war was constantb.Tuscan duke– commissioned him to create paintingc.He took the opportunity to allegorically show opposition to ward.Scene is chaotic but human forms = graceful, filled with energy and fluiditye.We know what the figures represent EXACTLY bc of letter

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