Spanish 275 Study Guide C3 - Lena Brinjikji Captulo 3 Study...

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Lena Brinjikji Capítulo 3 Study Guide Special Verb Constructions *Some Spanish verbs require a special construction in which the person affected is not the subject but the indirect object 1. The most frequently used of these verbs is gustar . In the case of gustar , one or more things are pleasing (or displeasing) to the person or persons A mucho gente le gustan las piñas, pero no le gusta pelarlas. [Many people like pineapples, but they don’t like to peel them] A doña Hortensia le gustaban las flores blancas. [Doña Hortensia like white flowers] No creo que al peon le gustaría esa clase de trabajo. [I don’t think the worker would like that kind of work] *Although the table shows only the present tense, same principles apply to all tenses 2. Another common verb of this type is doler (to hurt) Al chico le dolían las piernas. [The boy’s legs hurt] —¿Dónde le duele?—preguntó el medico. [“Where does it hurt?” the doctor asked] Sentence Structure with Gustar/Doler Stressed I.O. pn I.O. pn Verb (3 rd p s/p) Pleasing thing A mí me A ti te A él le A ella le GUSTA esa canción A Ud. Le GUSTAN esas canciones A nosotros/as nos DUELE la cabeza A vosotros/as os DUELEN los pies A ellos les A ellas les A Uds. les 3. Faltar a. To tell the distance one has to go to arrive at one’s destination b. The time left before a deadline c. Amount or quantity needed to reach a certain limit or goal A mi coche le faltan 732 millas para tener 5.000. [The mileage on my car is 732 miles short of 5000] A Juanito le falta una cuadra para llegar a su casa. [Juanito is a block away from his home]
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A la botella le falta la mitad para estar llena. [The bottle is half full] A este libro le faltan seis páginas. [Six pages are missing in this book] 4. Other verbs + expressions that use gustar construction Agradar(le) To like Alcanzar(le) To have enough Caer(le) bien (mal) To create a good (bad) impression on someone, to like Convenir(le) To suit one’s interests Costar(le) trabajo(le) To have a hard time + ing Dar(le) lástima To feel sorry for Digustar(le) To dislike Encantar(le) To delight, to charm Extrañar(le) To be surprised Fascinar(le) To fascinate, to charm Hacer(le) falta To need Importar(le) To matter; to mind Interesar(le) To be interested in; interest Molestar(le) To be bothered, to bother Parecer(le) To seem Preocupar(le) To worry; be worried by Quedar(le) To have left Quedar(le) bien (mal, grande, pequeño) To fit right (badly; be too big, small) Resultar(le) agradable (desagradable, difícil, triste) To be pleasant (unpleasant, difficult, sad) Sobrar(le) To have in excess Sorprender(le) To be surprised Tocar(le) el turno (una rifa, la lotería) To be one’s turn (win a raffle, lottery prize) Puerto Rico me encanta. [I am delighted with Puerto Rico] A algunos padres les resulta difícil castigar a sus hijos.
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