Spanish 275 Study Guide C4 - Lena Brinjikji Captulo 4 Study...

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Lena Brinjikji Capítulo 4 Study Guide Sección Gramatical The Subjunctive Subjunctive is found in the dependent clause + conveys a different meaning than indicative. Spanish also uses subjunctive in uncertain or contrary-to-fact situations. Si yo fuera Carlos, no perdería ninguna clase. [If I were Carlos (but I am not) I wouldn’t miss any class] Temo que Carlos no apruebe este curso. [I am afraid that Carlos may fail this course] 1. A noun clause is a clause that has the same function as a noun; it can be the subject or the object of a sentence: El que Ramón no esté aquí (= La ausencia de Ramón) me molesta. [The fact that Ramón is not here (= Ramon’s absence) bothers me] 2. An adjective or relative clause has the same function as an adjective; it describes (modifies) a noun Necesitan empleados que hablen español (= hispanohablantes) [They need employees who speak Spanish (= Spanish-speaking)] Busco un carro que no cueste mucho (=barato) [I am looking for a car that doesn’t cost much (=cheap)] 3. Adverbial clauses modify the verb as adverbs do. Likewise, they answer questions like where?, how?, when? Te esperaré en (¿dónde?) en lugar que me digas. [I’ll wait for you (where?) in the place you tell me to] Se levantó (¿cómo?) sin que nadie lo ayudara. [He got up (how?) without anyone helping him] The Subjucntive 1: The Subjunctive in Noun Clauses and in Certain Independent Constructions Expressions of Volition Subjunctive is required in a dependent clause when the verb in the main clause indicates volition, intention, wish, or preference [querer, desear, prohibir, sugerir, preferir, aconsejar] Sandalio quiere que contemos su historia. [Sandalio wants us to tell his story] Prefiero que Ud. No invite a esos señores. [I prefer that you do not invite those gentlemen] When there is no change of subject, the second verb is not a subjunctive but an infinitive Sandalio quiere contar su historia. [Sandalio wants to tell his story] Prefiero no invitar a esos señores. [I prefer not to invite those gentlemen] Verbs of Communication
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Verbs of communication [ decir , telefonear , escribir ] convey the idea of volition or preference In this case, the verb in the dependent clause is in the subjunctive Laura dice que cambies la fecha de tu viaje. [Laura say for you to change the date of your trip] Le escribiré que espere nuestra llegada. [I will write him (asking him) to wait for our arrival] When the verb of communication merely introduces a fact, the subjunctive is not used Laura dice que vas a cambiar la fecha de tu viaje.
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