Spansh 275 Study Guide C6 - Captulo 6 Study Guide Adverbial...

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Capítulo 6 Study Guide Adverbial clauses are those introduced by conjunctions or conjunctive phrases. Unlike noun clauses + relative clauses, adverbial clauses may precede the main clause: Le daré tu recado a Ernesto, antes de que se vaya or Antes de que Ernesto se vaya , le dare tu recado Adverbial clauses take the subjunctive or the indicative according to the following rules: 1. Conjunctive phrases that denote proviso, supposition, + purpose, are always followed by the subjunctive. The most common conjunctive phrases of this kind are: A fin de que In order that, so that A menos que Unless A no ser que Unless Con tal (de) que Provided (that) En caso (de) que In case (that) No sea (fuera) que Lest (so that…. not), in case that Para que In order that, so that Sin que Without Indalecio no podría ir a su rancho, a menos que tuviera un caballo. [Indalecio wouldn’t be able to go to his hut unless he had a horse] Te compraré lo que quiers con tal de que me des el dinero. [I will by you whatever you want provided that you give me the money] En caso de que me necesites, estaré en mi habitación. [In case you need me I will be in my room] Antonio apuntó la fecha, no fuera que se le olvidara. [Antonio wrote down the date lest he (so he wouldn’t) forget it] El gaucho ató bien su caballo para que (a fin de que) no escapara. [The gaucho ties his horse well in order that it wouldn’t escape] Indalecio había sido indultado sin que su espose lo supiese. [Indalcio had been parolled without his wife’s knowing about it] Para que and sin que are formed by combining que with the prepositions para and sin respectively. When there is no change of subject, para and sin are not followed by que and the infinitive is used. Le escribiríamos para remitirle el cheque. [We would write him in order to send him the check] Siempre entra sin verme .
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