Spanish 275 Study Guide C12 - Captulo 12 Study Guide The...

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Capítulo 12 Study Guide The Passive Voice *Two ways to indicate the relation of the subject of the verb to the action expressed by the verb. *In the active voice, the subject performs the action El Padre Francisco Ximénez tradujo el Popol Vuh. [Father Francisco Ximénez translated the Popol Vuh] *In the passive voice the subject is the recipient of the action El Popol Vuh fue traducido por el Padre Francisco Ximénez. [The Popol Vuh was translted by Father Francisco Ximénez] The True Passive (Ser + Past Participle) 1. When an agent (performer) is expressed or strongly implied, ser is used with the past participle in Spanish, much as the verb to be is used in English with the past participle Esa profesora es admirada por casi todos sus estudiantes. [That professor is admired by almost all of her students] En aquella époco fueron construidas todas las casas de la cuadra. [At that time all the houses on the block were built] Aquellos árboles han sido plantados en la última semana. [Those tress have been planted during the last week] 2. The foregoing construction, which closely parallels English usage, is much less frequently used in Spanish. Active and/or reflexive structures are preferred. Never use estar siendo 3. Don’t use true passive in Spanish when the English subject is an indirect object
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