SOC1013 Chapter 2 - CULTURE

SOC1013 Chapter 2 - CULTURE - Chapter 2 CULTURE Culture...

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Chapter 2 - CULTURE Culture. Beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that constitute a people’s way of life. Material Culture. Non-material Culture. Society. People interacting within a limited territory guided by their culture. Society and Culture are inextricably linked. Shapes what we feel and how we think. Culture Shock.
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COMPONENTS OF CULTURE Symbols. Language. A system of symbols that allows communication. Values. Culturally defined standards of desirability. What ought to be Beliefs. Specific statements that people hold to be true. More specific than values Norms. Rules
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NORMS Types of Norms (Rules and expectations). Mores . Norms that are widely observed and have moral significance. Folkways . Informal norms. Laws . Standardized norms. How are norms enforced?
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SOCIAL CONTROL Various means by which members of society encourage conformity to norms GUILT A negative judgment we make about ourselves SHAME The painful sense that others disapprove of our actions
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Hunting and Gathering Society Horticultural Society Agricultural Society Industrial Society Technological Society Figure 1.  Gerhard Lenski's Sociocultural Evolution of Society
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IDEAL VS. REAL CULTURE IDEAL CULTURE THE WAY THINGS SHOULD BE SOCIAL PATTERNS MANDATED BY VALUES AND NORMS REAL CULTURE THEY WAY THINGS ACTUALLY OCCUR IN EVERYDAY LIFE SOCIAL PATTERNS THAT ONLY APPROXIMATE CULTURAL EXPECTATIONS
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course SOC 1013 taught by Professor Adriabodour during the Spring '08 term at Penn State.

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SOC1013 Chapter 2 - CULTURE - Chapter 2 CULTURE Culture...

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