SOC1013 Chapter 2 - CULTURE - Chapter 2 CULTURE Culture...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–8. Sign up to view the full content.

Chapter 2 - CULTURE Culture. Beliefs, values, behavior, and material objects that constitute a people’s way of life. Material Culture. Non-material Culture. Society. People interacting within a limited territory guided by their culture. Society and Culture are inextricably linked. Shapes what we feel and how we think. Culture Shock.
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

COMPONENTS OF CULTURE Symbols. Language. A system of symbols that allows communication. Values. Culturally defined standards of desirability. What ought to be Beliefs. Specific statements that people hold to be true. More specific than values Norms. Rules
Image of page 2
NORMS Types of Norms (Rules and expectations). Mores . Norms that are widely observed and have moral significance. Folkways . Informal norms. Laws . Standardized norms. How are norms enforced?
Image of page 3

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

SOCIAL CONTROL Various means by which members of society encourage conformity to norms GUILT A negative judgment we make about ourselves SHAME The painful sense that others disapprove of our actions
Image of page 4
Hunting and Gathering Society Horticultural Society Agricultural Society Industrial Society Technological Society Figure 1.  Gerhard Lenski's Sociocultural Evolution of Society
Image of page 5

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

IDEAL VS. REAL CULTURE IDEAL CULTURE THE WAY THINGS SHOULD BE SOCIAL PATTERNS MANDATED BY VALUES AND NORMS REAL CULTURE THEY WAY THINGS ACTUALLY OCCUR IN EVERYDAY LIFE SOCIAL PATTERNS THAT ONLY APPROXIMATE CULTURAL EXPECTATIONS
Image of page 6
CULTURAL DIVERSITY Types of Culture High culture.
Image of page 7

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Image of page 8
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern