SOC_1013_Exam_1_Review - 1 SOC 1013 Exam 1 Review SOCIOLOGY...

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1 SOC 1013 Exam 1 Review SOCIOLOGY: The scientific study of human social activity and interaction. Studies the acts we consider common sense. Ex: Sociologists are the not so popular kids in high school who see from the outside. SOCIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVE: Seeing the general in the particular. Seeing the strange in the familiar à seeing general patterns in the particular people. Ex: Whites can’t dance; different societies act different; society tells us we need to go to college; 30+ harder to retain memory. BENEFITS: (4) Help us asses the truth of the common sense. Help us asses both opportunities and constraints in our lives. Empowers us to be active participants in our society. Help us live in a diverse world. WRIGHT MILLS’ SOCIOLOGICAL IMAGINATION: The power of the sociological perspective lies not just in changing individual lives but in transforming society. Society, not people’s personal failings, is the cause of social problems. The sociological imagination. DURKHEIM’S STUDY OF SUICIDE: Emile Durkheim researched showed that society affects even our most personal choices. MORE likely to commit suicide if you are a male Protestant who is wealthy and unmarried. LESS likely to commit suicide if you are a male Jew or Catholic who are poor and married. The differences between these had to do with “Social Integration.” Those with strong social ties had less of a chance of COMMITTING suicide. Not necessarily rooted in the individual. Society: More then individuals; Social Fact: Any patterns rooted in society rather than the experience of individuals. Anomie: A condition in which society provides little moral guidance to individuals. No moral guidance. IMPORTANCE OF GLOBAL PERSPECTIVE: Where we live makes a great difference in shaping our lives. Societies throughout the world are increasingly interconnected through technology and economics. Many problems that we faced in U.S. are more serious elsewhere. Thinking globally is good way to learn more about ourselves. ORIGINS OF SOCIOLOGY: Youngest academic disciplines, sociology has its origins in powerful social forces:
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SOCIAL CHANGE: Industrialization urbanization, political revolution, and a new awareness of society. SCIENCE: (3 stages) Theological(The world is understood in terms of God),metaphysical(natural forces), and scientific. Positivism: (Conte favored this. He was the first to use scientific models of sociology) A way of understanding based on science. GENDER & RACE: These important contributions have been pushed to the margins of society. SOCIOLOGICAL THEORY: A statement of how and why facts are related. Explains social behavior to the real world. Explains the facts. THEORETICAL PARADIGM: A set of fundamental assumptions that guides thinking.
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