Security in Computing (3rd Edition)

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CS 161 Computer Security Fall 2005 Joseph/Tygar/Vazirani/Wagner MT 1 Soln Problem 1. [Short answer] (30 points) Give brief answers (one or two sentences) to each of the following. (a) What is the principle of least privilege? Why is it important? It states that programs and users should receive only the minimal amount of privilege needed to function correctly, and nothing more. This limits the amount of damage done by the program if it is buggy or hacked. (b) Is a TCP connection secure against eavesdropping? Why or why not? No. TCP sends data in cleartext (unencrypted), so an eavesdropper can see all data transmitted. (c) You have a copy of Anthony Joseph’s certificate chain: his certificate is signed by the EECS department; the EECS department’s certificate is signed by UC Berkeley; UC Berkeley’s certificate is signed by Verisign. Whose public keys do you need to know in advance in order to obtain the correct public key for Anthony? Verisign’s key suffices. In fact, any one of the public keys mentioned is enough. Problem 2. [Packet filters] (20 points) (a) We have an internal webserver, used only for testing purposes, at IP address 5.6.7.8 on our internal corporate network. The packet filter is situated at a chokepoint between our internal network and the rest of the Internet. Can such a packet filter block all attempts by outside hosts to initiate a direct TCP connection to this internal webserver? If yes, show a packet filtering ruleset that provides this
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