WMSnotes2 - Chapter 7 6:39:00 PM 1 Children a Play o...

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Chapter 7 07/11/2007 18:39:00 1. Children a.    Play o Children like to play with same sex friends because they have  compatible levels of play o Girls tend to play in pairs, more quietly, use conversation, and have  structured activities o Relational aggression- threatening the relationship, girls are more likely  to use, “I wont be your friend if…” o Overt aggression- physical aggression, boys more likely to use b.    Girls influencing boys o Girls prefer to play with girls because they have difficulty influencing  boys o Boys tend to ignore polite request from girls c.      Explanations by Maccoby 2. Adulthood a. Positive social acts o women engage in more  b. Task behavior c. Negative social asks o men engage in more negative social behavior, like disagreeing and  antagonizing 
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d. Modifiers o the sex of the other person modifies peoples behavior, when men are  communicating to women they tend to communicate like women do 3. Language a. Problem with research b. Sex differences o Men talk more than women o Men talk more than women in formal situations o Women use more language that encourages conversation and  languages o Men languages is less facilitated and less helpful in building  relationships c. Language and perception o Powerful speech- confident about what you’re saying o Men like women who do not use powerful speech but like men who  use powerful speech o Powerful speech is not consistent with the female gender roles 4.Nonverbal a. Decoding o Females decode nonverbal behavior better than men o Women are more effective at sending non verbal
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5. Influencing people a.     Who is influencing? o Men are more influential than women o Men are seemed as more credible o For men, women who act more masculine and dominate were less  influential  o More receptive to less powerful woman because she is not a threat o In regards to men, there are no gender differences to how people saw  them as being powerful  o Women who are masculine are viewed negatively, but women who are  viewed too feminine are still viewed negatively 6. Explanations for sex differences a. Social role theory o Men professors who go by Dr. are seen as more accessible and more  warm towards students while women Dr. come off as a bitch b. Social Role Theory c. Sex-segregation in childhood 7. Leadership a. Who are leaders b. Leadership styles o No sex differences in leader effectiveness
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o Women tend to be more democratic, group voting o Men and women both are more effective when their gender role  matches the task c. Views o When women are leaders they are judged in two ways; judged if she is  not powerful or masculine, or if she is too masucline
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ch. 9
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