Sociology_1_-_Spring_1992_-_Gold_-_Final - 001 THU 15:33...

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Unformatted text preview: 001 11/02/2000 THU 15:33 FAX 6434330 MOFFITT LIBRARY I SOCIOLOGY 1 SPRING, 1992' FINAL EXAMINATION, MAY 15, 1992 There are 4 parts to this exam. Look over the entire exam before beginning to write to help budget your time. Follow instructions carefully. PART I True/False. (10 points). Write T or F in your bluebook. Be sure to number each answer correctly. 1. In a socialist command economy, the market plays the primary role in determining what is produced. 2. The secondary sector replaces the primary sector’s dominant role in the economy as a country industrializes. 3. The authors of The Good Society argue that institutions are morally neutral. 4. Family abuse is more common in economically stable families. 5. Mace, in the article, "Contemporary Issues: Marriage" (SF #20) claims that compared to the marriages of yesterday, the goal of marriage today places I greater emphasis on economic production. 6. The term "death with dignity" refers to keeping people on life support machines as long as the doctor believes it is dignified to do so. 7. Problems of loss and grief do not first begin at the moment of the death of a sick loved one who had received an unfavorable prognosis. 8. Japanese has a special alphabet for writing words borrowed from foreign languages. 9. Japan’s rich racial and ethnic diversity facilitates Japanese sensitivity" to differences among peoples. ID. The research Gillespie (“Who Has the Power? The Marital Struggle") reviews, concludes that the equalitarian marriage is a myth. PART II Short Essays/ (20 points). Answer any 2 of the following 4 questions. No extra credit for answering more than 2. Answers should be approximately 2 pages long (large bluebook). I. How would you use the life course approach to study the family institution? (Be sure to define "life course approach“.) " 2. Discuss some problems that may result in the U.S. as the social security dependency ratio changes as the baby boom cohort ages. (Be sure to define "dependency ratio". No statistics need be cited.) 3. Discuss two particular social features of AIDS. (Conrad, in “The Social Meaning of AIDS", SF #58) discusses four such features.) FMUWMJ . . . . . 4. How do human anfants receive gender soc1alization? Which are the central institutions in the process? (Be sure to define "gender socialization" and relevant related concepts.) - 11/02/2000 THU 15:33 FAX 6434330 MOFFITT LIBRARY 002 PART III Matching (20 points). In your bluebook, write the letter(s) of the concept that best correSpond(s) to the numbered definition. Make sure that your numbers are correct. Write letters clearly. a. acceptance t. life cycle squeeze b. affective individualism u. living will c. alienation v. me d. anomie w. means of production e. career x. meritocracy f. community divorce y. mode of production 9. denial z. prejudice h. discrimination aa. quality circle i. durable power of attorney bb. rebel j. expressive role cc. secondary sector k. Fordism dd. social reproduction l. functionalist approach ee. stagnation m. generativity ff. sushi n. gerontology gg. symbolic interactionist approach 0. homophobia hh. tertiary sector p- 1 ii. thanatology q. innovator jj. urbanizing peasant r. keiretsu 3. legal divorce 1. study of dying. 2. the part of the self that has been shaped or molded by society. 3. Merton’s term for someone who accepts society’s values but uses illegitimate means to achieVe them. 4. way schools and other institutions perpetuate social and economic inequality across generations. . opinions and attitudes held by members of one group about another group. . economic sector concerned with the provision of services. . progress or course of activity through an occupation. . group of linked Japanese companies. . breakdown of social norms at the societal or group level. 10. system of production using the assembly line and repetitive performance of a single task. 11. first of Kubler—Ross’s five stages of dying. 12. type of divorce involving changes of friends. 13. concern with establishing and guiding future generations. 14. dislike or fear of homosexuals. 15. personal selection of a mate, guided by norms of romantic love. 16- conjuncture of low job satisfaction, low participation in community life, and great financial and family burdens. 17. Hochschild’s term for women whose lives are divided betWeen family and workplace. 18. appointment of a surrogate to make medical decisions, including withholding treatment, if one becomes incapacitated. 19. sociological approach that sees society as orderly, with constituent parts that Work together to help it survive. 20. machines, capital and technology used in production of material goods. kDDO‘k-lCth 11/02/2000 THU 15:34 FAX 6434330 MOFFITT LIBRARY 003 PART IV Long Essays. (50 points). Answar both of the following questions in your bluebook. Be sure to address all parts and to cite works which are specifically noted. 1. The proximate cause of the recent events in Los Angeles was the acquittal of 4 white policemen charged with beating black motorist Rodney King. Some observers blame racist prejudice by the individual policemen For what most people believed Was the use of excessive force in subduing King. While that may be part of the answer, a sociological explanation would also examine other variables. Citing readings such as "If Hitler Asked You To Electrocute a Stranger, Would You? Probably“ (SF #40 on the Milgram experiment); "The Prison" segment of Rose, et. al. in Rose (pp. 331—4 on the Zimbardo experiment); SF #14 ("Groupthink"); and Harris in Rose (pp. 223—56), explain how structural, institutional and situational factors need also to be considered and what they might contribute in this case specifically. Then, using ideas from The Good Society and Japan as Number 1, suggest some possible avenues for reform at the societal and institutional (here, criminal justice institutions) levels that may be considered to prevent a recurrence of such brutality. 2. The authors of lhe Good Society ask (p. 150), "what are the educational implications of our whole form of life?" Using GS (esp. Ch. 5), essays by Denzin in Rose (pp. 36—51), and SF #26, and Vogel, answer this question for the 0.5. and Japan. Show how educational institutions mirror social structure and vaers and serve to reproduce them in subsequent birth cohorts. Include issues of the nature of the individual and of the relation between the individual and groups. ...
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This note was uploaded on 04/01/2008 for the course SOC 1 taught by Professor Gold during the Fall '08 term at Berkeley.

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