AP US History: Unit 3 - Isabelle Souza Period 1 Vocab 1825-1865(stop at Democracy in America Bank war Jackson believed Bank had too much power and the

AP US History: Unit 3 - Isabelle Souza Period 1 Vocab...

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Isabelle Souza Period 1 10/23/2017 Vocab: 1825-1865 (stop at Democracy in America) Bank war - Jackson believed Bank had too much power and the Whigs were scared he was going to destroy the Bank, so Clay and Webster decided to apply for renewal early, before the next election. Revolution of 1828 - Jackson's election showed shift of political power to "the common man". Tariff of 1828 (Abominations) - Raised the tariff on imported manufactured goods (only protected North). Role of President - Represents the people and protects the common man against abuses of power. Rotation in Office - Supported by the New Democracy; like the spoils system but used by Jackson, same as patronage-based on favors for those who helped another get into office. Peggy Eaton Affair - He stayed with the Timberlakes when in Washington, and there were rumors of his affair with Peggy Timberlake before her husband died in 1828. Indian Removal Act - (1830) Authorized Andrew Jackson to negotiate land-exchange treaties with tribes living east of the Mississippi. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia - (1831) The Cherokees fought for defense against the Indian Removal Act and against the Georgia Legislature's nullification of Cherokee laws. A blow to the Cherokee case against Georgia, it cast doubt on the constitutionality of the Indian Removal Act. Worchester v. Georgia - (1832) When the court invalidated a Georgia law that attempted to regulate access by U.S. citizens to Cherokee country. Marshall claimed only the federal govt. could do that. In defending the power of the federal government, he was also affirming and explaining the rights of the tribes to remain free from the authority of state governments. Trail of Tears - Refers to the forced relocation in 1838 of the Cherokee Native American tribe to the Western United States, which resulted in the deaths of an estimated 4,000 Cherokees. States’ Rights - All rights not delegated to the federal government by the Constitution nor denied by it to the states. Nullification Crisis - An attempt by South Carolina to nullify a federal law - the tariff of 1828 - passed by the United States Congress. Webster-Hayne Debate - (January 19-27, 1830) Famous debate between Senator Daniel Webster of Massachusetts and Senator Robert Hayne of South Carolina regarding protective tariffs. Democrats - Political party that feared centralized political power, supported states' rights, opposed Hamilton's financial plan, and supported ties with France. Proclamation to the People of S.C. - Jackson's edict stating nullification and disunion were treason. Whigs- An American political party formed in the 1830s to oppose President Andrew Jackson and the Democrats (stood for protective tariffs, national banking, and federal aid for internal improvements). Pet Banks - State banks where Andrew Jackson placed deposits removed from the federal National Bank in an effort to destroy the bank.

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