Running head: ASTHMA STEPWISE MANAGMENT1Asthma and Stepwise ManagementWhitney SmithWalden UniversityNURS 6521, Section 45, Advanced PharmacologyJune 20, 2019
MEDICAL ERROR IN PRACTICEOver 8 percent of the population in our nation is affected by asthma (MedlinePlus, 2019).Asthma can be defined as a chronic lung airway inflammation which leads to cough, wheezing, chest tightness, and shortness of breath (Arcangelo, Peterson, Wilbur, & Reinhold, 2017). Quick and long-term control treatment options and pharmaceutical drugs to treat the disease will be discussed for asthmatic patients. The stepwise approach for the treatment and management of thedisease will be examined. The stepwise management tool aids in the overall goal as health care providers to gain and maintain control of the condition of the patient.Long-term Control and Quick Relief Treatment OptionsLong-term control and quick relief treatments are both options that asthmatic patients have to control symptoms and treat the disease. Two examples of quick-relief medicines are short-acting inhaled beta2-agonists and anticholinergics. These inhalers can also be referred to as“rescue” inhalers as they are inhaled within seconds and lasts for about two to four hours in minimizing the symptoms. It is indicated to use before exercise to prevent exercise-induced asthma. An example of drugs may include but not limited to, albuterol, levalbuterol, terbutaline, and metaproterenol (MedicinePlus, 2019). It is crucial for one to understand and be able to recognize the side effects that may occur with the usage of these medications such as a fast and irregular heartbeat, anxiety, tremors, headache, and restlessness (MedlinePlus, 2019). These two types of medicines are bronchodilators that will help the passageways to the lungs and allow for more air to move in and out. Mucus can hinder breathing, so it also helps the mucus to move
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