Introduction to Korean Culture class Midterm study note : definitionsAncient times(4~6 may be NOT in ancient times)1.Animism- refers to the belief that everything in the universe has a spirit, including inanimate objects2.Shamanism- related to ‘totemism’, which meant that each tribe or clan had an animal protector(the native religion of Korea while Buddhism, Confucianism & Taoism were imported from China.)3.Totemism- Symbols of worship used in Shamanism, which meant that each tribe or clan had an animal protector (Village God/Protector)Mudong - female shamans or exorcist(very powerful religious leaders in ancient times)4.Taoism- Chinese philosophy advocating freedom from manmade constraints and attunement with nature(religious or philosophical tradition of Chinese origin which emphasizes living in harmony with the Tao)5.Geomancy– Pun Gsu (Feng Sui) or Wind Water, waves and wind change the texture and lines on the ground. These features are all examined by a Geomancer and they will find the perfect place for burial, love, good fortune, etc. – related to Myochong monk6.Cosmology– way of explaining the universe, 3 realms (Heaven as being the highest, etc.)7.Old Choson– founded by Tangun Wanggom; combined with the other walled-town states to form a single large confederation, the head of which came to be designated as its king8.Patriarchal Society– Man dominant (wealth passed through to sons)9.Matriarchal Society– Women dominant (wealth passed through daughtersFrom Three Kingdoms to Unified Silla(and also Parhae)1.Koguryo– founded by Chumong2.Silla – founded by Pak Hyokkose3.Parhae – founded by Tae Cho-yong, after collapsing Koguryo and in the period of Unified Silla,formed as the result of merging [Malgral, Khitan, and Former Koguryo] became a multicultural and multiethnic society 4.Bone-rank system- It was a system used in Silla Kingdom to differentiate between the Royal family and the rest of people. They were divided into hallowed-bone of Kim clan and True-bone of Park clan. 5.Hallowed-bone- held by those in the royal house of Park who possessed this qualification to become king(gold)6.True-bone - members of the Kim royal house but originally lacked qualification for the kingship(purple)7.Topum(6-1) – 6 rank = vice-generals, monks, scholars, 5 rank = military officials, 3-1 rank = commoners(salves, low-borns) – similar with traditional caste system8.Hwabaek– During the Silla Dynasty, Hwabaek was a council of nobles who made important decisions for the state. The aristocrats in higher position were the members of them and it was located in Kyongju, the capital city of Silla.(unanimous decision)9.Hwarang – Often called as a flower youth, Hwarang is Silla’s strong military unit that contributed to the unification of the Three Kingdoms.They were respectively trained to have a royalty to the country, as they would bravely sacrifice their lives in battles.