Teachers tasks and responsibilitiesBarriers to learningLearners suffering from HIV/AIDSNational & international Education DocumentsInclusive early education / approachesInclusive Education A
Inclusive early education approachesAll learners who experience barriers to learning have a right to:•Open & equal access to basic education•Accepted in inclusive schools•Provision should be made for diversity of all•Equal education for all•Inclusive education gives all learners the opportunity to learn with & from one another. •It is about human rights•Promote an inclusive and tolerant societyWhite Paper 6 inclusive education:handwriteAll children & youth can learn & need supporthandwriteAll learners are diff with diff needs -> =valued & ordinary part of human existencehandwriteEnables education structures, systems & methodologies to meet needs of all learnershandwriteAcknowledges & respects differences in learners (regardless of cause)handwriteBroader than formal schooling -> also home & community (formal & informal)handwriteIs about changing attitudes behaviour & teaching methodologies, curricula & environment to meet needs of all learners. handwriteIs about empowering learners by developing individual strengths & enabling them to participate critically in the process of learning. Transformation is vital because:•In RSA LWEBTL run the greatest risk of being excluded•Estimated that 70% of learners with disabilities (majority = black disabled in rural areas) are currently outside of formal education system•LWEBTL are “integrated” but participation is limited due to inaccessible buildings, lack of aids, rigid practices. •LWEBTL suffer more exclusion in ECD, ABET, FET & HET levels. •Absence of cohesive integrated policy & plan for special education. Special needs schools = own dept of educ, thus little cooperation between them & ordinary schools. Placements in SS & replacements in OS an issuePrinciples if inclusive education:•Dedication to building a more democratic society•Building a system of more equitable and quality education for all•Belief that extends the responsibilities of schools to accommodate the diverse learning needs of all learners according to the level of support they need.•Dedication that all learners can learn and need supportDefinitions of inclusive education:•Previously known as special needs education•Warm embracing attitudes towards all human beings•Integration = going to school•Inclusion = participating•Restructuring of cultures policies and practices in schools to respond to diversity of learners•Concerned with learning & participation of ALL learners•Concerned with improving schools for staff as well as learners•Attempt to overcome barriers may reveal other gaps•All learner have right to education in local community•Diversity= rich resource, not a problem to be over come•Fostering mutually sustaining relationships between schools & community•One aspect of inclusion in society
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- Spring '15