Causes of Action and Civil Defense 8.pdf - Jurisdictionary \u00ae Presents Causes of Action Civil Defenses \u00a9 2002 by Frederick Graves Box 123 Jensen Beach

Causes of Action and Civil Defense 8.pdf - Jurisdictionary...

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Jurisdictionary®Presents Causes of Action & Civil Defenses © 2002 by Frederick Graves Box 123 Jensen Beach, Florida 34958 772-288-9880 Version: Tuesday 07 January 2003
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2Table of ContentsTable of Contents................................................................................................................2 Essential Elements..............................................................................................................5 Abuse of Process.................................................................................................................9 Elements........................................................................................................................10 Defenses........................................................................................................................10 Accord and Satisfaction....................................................................................................13 Elements........................................................................................................................14 Comments.....................................................................................................................14 Accounting........................................................................................................................15 Elements........................................................................................................................15 Defenses........................................................................................................................15 Comments.....................................................................................................................16 Account Stated..................................................................................................................17 Elements........................................................................................................................17 Defenses........................................................................................................................18 Comments.....................................................................................................................18 Assault...............................................................................................................................19 Elements........................................................................................................................19 Comments.....................................................................................................................20 Defenses........................................................................................................................20 Caveat............................................................................................................................21 Assumption of Duty..........................................................................................................22 Elements........................................................................................................................23 Defenses........................................................................................................................23 Battery...............................................................................................................................25 Elements........................................................................................................................25 Comments.....................................................................................................................26 Defenses........................................................................................................................26 Caveat............................................................................................................................27 Breach of Contact..............................................................................................................28 Elements........................................................................................................................30 Comments.....................................................................................................................30 Defenses........................................................................................................................32 Breach of Fiduciary Duty..................................................................................................35 Elements........................................................................................................................35 Comments.....................................................................................................................35 Conspiracy........................................................................................................................37 Elements........................................................................................................................37 Comments.....................................................................................................................38 Constructive Fraud............................................................................................................39 Elements........................................................................................................................39 Conversion........................................................................................................................41
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3Elements........................................................................................................................41 Defenses........................................................................................................................42 Declaratory Judgment.......................................................................................................43 Elements........................................................................................................................44 Defenses........................................................................................................................45 Defamation........................................................................................................................46 Elements........................................................................................................................46 Caveat............................................................................................................................47 Defenses........................................................................................................................48 Duress................................................................................................................................50 Elements........................................................................................................................51 Defenses........................................................................................................................51 Comments.....................................................................................................................52 Fraud.................................................................................................................................53 Elements........................................................................................................................53 Defenses........................................................................................................................54 Comments.....................................................................................................................56 Goods Sold........................................................................................................................58 Elements........................................................................................................................58 Injunction, Preliminary.....................................................................................................59 Elements........................................................................................................................59 Defenses........................................................................................................................60 Comments.....................................................................................................................60 Injunction, Permanent.......................................................................................................63 Elements........................................................................................................................63 Defenses........................................................................................................................63 Intentional Infliction of Emotional Distress.....................................................................64 Elements........................................................................................................................64 Defenses........................................................................................................................64 Invasion of Privacy...........................................................................................................66 Elements........................................................................................................................66 Defenses........................................................................................................................67 Laches...............................................................................................................................68 Elements........................................................................................................................68 Defenses........................................................................................................................69 Comments.....................................................................................................................69 Malicious Prosecution.......................................................................................................71 Elements........................................................................................................................71 Defenses........................................................................................................................71 Negligence........................................................................................................................74 Elements........................................................................................................................75 Defenses........................................................................................................................75 Quantum Meruit................................................................................................................79 Promissory Note................................................................................................................80 Elements........................................................................................................................80 Defenses........................................................................................................................81
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4Replevin............................................................................................................................82 Elements........................................................................................................................82 Rescission..........................................................................................................................83 Elements........................................................................................................................83 Defenses........................................................................................................................84 Specific Performance........................................................................................................85 Spoliation of Evidence......................................................................................................86 Elements........................................................................................................................86 Tortious Interference.........................................................................................................88 Elements........................................................................................................................88 Discussion.....................................................................................................................89 Unconscionability.............................................................................................................90 Undue Influence................................................................................................................92 Elements........................................................................................................................92 Unjust Enrichment............................................................................................................94 Elements........................................................................................................................94 Defenses........................................................................................................................95 Waiver...............................................................................................................................96 Elements........................................................................................................................96 Conclusion........................................................................................................................97
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5Essential Elements Think of a lawsuit like a recipe for baking a pineapple cake. There are certain ingredients you must put in if the cake is to turn out right. If you’re trying to make a pineapple cake and don’t add any pineapple or pineapple flavoring, you’re not going to get a pineapple cake. You might get something else, and it might taste yummy, but it won’t be pineapple cake unless you add that essential ingredient. The essential ingredients to a lawsuit are called the elements of causes of action. Every lawsuit must state at least one cause of action (e.g., breach of contract, negligence, fraud, etc.) that is recognized by the jurisdiction where it’s filed. Each cause of action, in turn, requires certain ingredients to be included in the allegations of fact that purport to state the cause of action … ingredients we lawyers call the elements of that particular cause of action. Each cause of action, like each kind of cake, has different essential elements. That’s what this book explains. For example, if you sue (or are sued) for breach of contract, the complaint mustinclude at least three (3) essential ingredients, the elements of the cause of action we call “breach of contract”. If you fail to state all elements, you fail to state the cause of action.
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