Escudero6 - by two Ohio State University sociologists...

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Mark Curtice Instructor Escuerdo English 125 section 56 Cum Hoc Fallacy The Cum Hoc Ergo Propter Hoc is an Informal fallacy of the sub family of the Non Causa Pro Causa (Curtis). The fallacy type involves a premise that does not carry the burden of proof. It is very common that the fallacy will imply causation in a case where only correlation is explicitly observable. The typical setup of the Cum Hoc fallacy is that G and H occurred at the same time Example: “Charging that welfare causes child poverty, [Gary Bauer] cites a study showing that "the highest increases in the rate of child poverty in recent years have occurred in those states which pay the highest welfare benefits. The lowest increases—or actual decreases—in child poverty have occurred in states which restrain the level of AFDC payments. " This selection from (Curtis) , Bauer uses specious statistical studies to discredit the welfare system. … But this study
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Unformatted text preview: by two Ohio State University sociologists overlooked the fact that median income declined or was flat in the ten states where welfare costs and child poverty rose, while income rose substantially in nine of the ten states where welfare payments and poverty showed the least increase. The data showed that economic decline caused an increase in both welfare and child poverty. Source: John B. Judis, "The Mouse That Roars", The New Republic, August 3rd, 1987, p. 25. g John Bauer was writing this study with Dobson and psychiatrist Armand Nicholoi Jr. of Harvard University (Council) Bibliography Council, Family Research. Over 20 years. Defending family, faith, and freedom. 4 March 2008 <http://www.frc.org/get.cfm?i=PG03F06&f=WX03E10>. Curtis, Gary N. Taxonomy. 4 March 2008 <http://www.fallacyfiles.org/taxonomy.html>....
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