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Unformatted text preview: RELI 1001 Rothacker MWF Judaism Unit Review Religion is seeking and responding to that which humans experience as ultimate or holy (Dr. Roger Schmidt) o Ultimatemost important; defines ones existence o Holysacred; set apart o Religion comes from relegere (people who are careful in ritual action) and religare (to bind under an obligation to God) Avoid reductionismreducing something unfairly to one or more of its characteristics 3 Ways to study religion: o Devotional (how to practice) o Academic (objective analysis)* o Theological (combines; commitment w/ understanding) 4 Reasons WHY study religion: o Learn more about other religions o Learn more about your own religion o Learn to gain a broader perspective o Learn more about ones self B.C.E. ( before common era ) yr. 0 C.E. (common era) The Enlightenment (between mid-1600 and 1800s) o Religious violence (1500s) o Ideas of church and state separation o Questioning reason and method o Karl Marx german political & economic philosopher (mid-late 1800s) Ideas on capitalism Referred to religion as the sigh of the oppressed and the cry of the heart in a heartless world and an opiate of the masses Saw religion as something used by those in power, like a drug for the poor to use them o Sigmund Freud psychologist/philosopher of the mind Described religion as an illusion , and something that cripples personality o Emile Durkheim sociologist Defined religion as a collection of a societys thoughts and values Thought that God is created in mans imagepeople make religion to reflect themselves Theism a religious system with one or more personal gods Non- Theistic the ultimate reality is impersonal Monotheism religious system w/ devotion to only ONE god Polytheism religious system w/ devotion to MORE than one god Henotheism religious system w/ devotion to only one god, but acknowledges the existence of other gods Atheism complete and clear rejection of God and supernatural reality Agnostic cannot say with certainty whether God exists or not (from gnosis or knowledge, so literally, lack of knowledge) Secularism to look at the world in non-religious terms Deism belief in a supreme being who does not have an ongoing relationship with humanity or the universe o Look at God as creator of universe, who then left o A hands off creator o Supreme being without relationship w/ humanity Anthropomorphism giving human characteristics to something non-human (or beyond human) Humanism philosophy that says that humanity is of the utmost value o 2 Different kinds Secular Humanism categorically rejects belief in God Theistic Humanism still makes room for Godgives credit to Him for the wonders of man Scripture writing or collection of writings a community reads as divinely inspired and thus setting the standard for worship or practice...
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