Judaism Review - RELI 1001 Rothacker MWF Judaism Unit...

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RELI 1001 Rothacker MWF Judaism Unit Review Religion —is “seeking and responding to that which humans experience as ultimate or holy” (Dr. Roger Schmidt) o Ultimate—most important; defines one’s existence o Holy—sacred; “set apart” o “Religion” comes from relegere (people who are careful in ritual action) and religare (to bind under an obligation to God) Avoid reductionism—reducing something unfairly to one or more of its characteristics 3 Ways to study religion: o Devotional (how to practice) o Academic (objective analysis)* o Theological (combines; commitment w/ understanding) 4 Reasons WHY study religion: o Learn more about other religions o Learn more about your own religion o Learn to gain a broader perspective o Learn more about one’s self B.C.E. ( before common era ) – yr. 0 – C.E. (common era) The Enlightenment (between mid-1600 and 1800s) o Religious violence (1500s) o Ideas of church and state separation o Questioning reason and method o Karl Marx —german political & economic philosopher (mid-late 1800s) Ideas on capitalism Referred to religion as “the sigh of the oppressed ” and “the cry of the heart in a heartless world” and “an opiate of the masses” Saw religion as something used by those in power, like a drug for the poor to use them o Sigmund Freud —psychologist/philosopher of the mind Described religion as an illusion , and something that cripples personality
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o Emile Durkheim —sociologist Defined religion as “a collection of a society’s thoughts and values” Thought that “God” is created in man’s image…people “make” religion to reflect themselves Theism —a religious system with one or more personal gods Non - Theistic —the ultimate reality is impersonal Monotheism —religious system w/ devotion to only ONE god Polytheism —religious system w/ devotion to MORE than one god Henotheism —religious system w/ devotion to only one god, but acknowledges the existence of other gods Atheism —complete and clear rejection of God and supernatural reality Agnostic —cannot say with certainty whether God exists or not (from “gnosis” or knowledge, so literally, “lack of knowledge) Secularism —to look at the world in non-religious terms Deism —belief in a supreme being who does not have an ongoing relationship with humanity or the universe o Look at God as creator of universe, who then left o A “hands off” creator o Supreme being without relationship w/ humanity Anthropomorphism —giving human characteristics to something non-human (or beyond human) Humanism —philosophy that says that humanity is of the utmost value o 2 Different kinds Secular Humanism —categorically rejects belief in God Theistic Humanism —still “makes room” for God—gives credit to Him for the wonders of man Scripture —writing or collection of writings a community reads as divinely inspired and thus setting the standard for worship or practice
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