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Judaism Review

Judaism Review - RELI 1001 Rothacker MWF Judaism Unit...

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Unformatted text preview: RELI 1001 Rothacker MWF Judaism Unit Review • Religion —is “seeking and responding to that which humans experience as ultimate or holy” (Dr. Roger Schmidt) o Ultimate—most important; defines one’s existence o Holy—sacred; “set apart” o “Religion” comes from relegere (people who are careful in ritual action) and religare (to bind under an obligation to God) • Avoid reductionism—reducing something unfairly to one or more of its characteristics • 3 Ways to study religion: o Devotional (how to practice) o Academic (objective analysis)* o Theological (combines; commitment w/ understanding) • 4 Reasons WHY study religion: o Learn more about other religions o Learn more about your own religion o Learn to gain a broader perspective o Learn more about one’s self • B.C.E. ( before common era ) – yr. 0 – C.E. (common era) • The Enlightenment (between mid-1600 and 1800s) o Religious violence (1500s) o Ideas of church and state separation o Questioning reason and method o Karl Marx —german political & economic philosopher (mid-late 1800s) Ideas on capitalism Referred to religion as “the sigh of the oppressed ” and “the cry of the heart in a heartless world” and “an opiate of the masses” Saw religion as something used by those in power, like a drug for the poor to use them o Sigmund Freud —psychologist/philosopher of the mind Described religion as an illusion , and something that cripples personality o Emile Durkheim —sociologist Defined religion as “a collection of a society’s thoughts and values” Thought that “God” is created in man’s image…people “make” religion to reflect themselves • Theism —a religious system with one or more personal gods • Non- Theistic —the ultimate reality is impersonal • Monotheism —religious system w/ devotion to only ONE god • Polytheism —religious system w/ devotion to MORE than one god • Henotheism —religious system w/ devotion to only one god, but acknowledges the existence of other gods • Atheism —complete and clear rejection of God and supernatural reality • Agnostic —cannot say with certainty whether God exists or not (from “gnosis” or knowledge, so literally, “lack of knowledge) • Secularism —to look at the world in non-religious terms • Deism —belief in a supreme being who does not have an ongoing relationship with humanity or the universe o Look at God as creator of universe, who then left o A “hands off” creator o Supreme being without relationship w/ humanity • Anthropomorphism —giving human characteristics to something non-human (or beyond human) • Humanism —philosophy that says that humanity is of the utmost value o 2 Different kinds Secular Humanism —categorically rejects belief in God Theistic Humanism —still “makes room” for God—gives credit to Him for the wonders of man • Scripture —writing or collection of writings a community reads as divinely inspired and thus setting the standard for worship or practice •...
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Judaism Review - RELI 1001 Rothacker MWF Judaism Unit...

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