Christianity_review

Christianity_review - RELI 1001 ROTHACKER MWF CHRISTIANITY...

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RELI 1001 ROTHACKER MWF CHRISTIANITY MAIN POINTS Christianity— trinitarian monotheism Jesus of Nazareth 4 bce- 30 ce o Didn’t call him Jesus he was called Yesuwah , relating to Joshua Christ of Faith = central doctrine o Devotional approach; church/Sunday school o Incarnation —idea that Jesus is God born in flesh o Christology —term for study of the nature of Jesus as the Christ (fully human & fully divine) o Christos = messiah = chosen one o Resurrection —2 nd central term in Christianity… idea that Jesus died as man on cross, came back to life as man , before ascending to heaven on the 3 rd day o Trinity —within God there are 3 persons; there are all EQUAL (majority of church decides on this by 381 CE) Father Son Holy spirit Jesus of History o Every account written by followers unbiased sources New Testament = 27 books about Jesus 21 letters by/to Paul 1 book Revelation 1 book Acts Gospels 4 books @ beginning Synoptic —Matthew, Mark, Luke Johanine “John” Way o Earliest books are Paul’s letters = 60CE- 65 CE o Gospels were in reaction to Paul’s letters o Mark—oldest gospel (70CE) o Matthew/Luke (80CE) o It is clear that the writers of Matthew & Luke read Mark
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90% Mark in Matthew 60% Mark in Luke o Q Source —repetition in only Matthew & Luke o M Source —own source of distinct writing o L Source —own source of distinct writing o John (90-100CE) More theological & philosophical/ not as historical Last of gospels to become canonized o Matthew & Luke – birth & little childhood of Jesus o Mark—no birth o Birth name= Joshua Barjoseph Lower class Carpentry/stone-mason/laborer Spoke Aramaic Most likely knew Hebrew & Greek & Latin 4 brothers—Joseph, James, Jude, Simon; sisters unknown o Discrepancy in Catholicism—brother meaning “kin” Jesus one of 7 Age 30, begins ministry John the Baptizer—Jesus begins ministry by going to the desert to get baptized “Prepare ye the way of the Lord” Wild men/ascetic/Essenes/eating locust & honey Camel hair shirt for intentional discomfort Then, Jesus goes back & begins an intinterant ministry Moves from place to place Speaking to women & men, Jews & Gentiles Ministry directed at the pope Messages & Themes o Kingdom of God God will institute His perfect rule here on Earth—like a restored Garden of Eden Oppressed Israelites want to be delivered Kingdom of God is already here —within the right heart; some are already living in it People realize they aren’t as holy as once thought Poor & lowly realize they’re holier than many others
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o Relationship w/ God Some say he saw himself as God in flesh Does not outwardly call himself “messiah” b/c term tends to relate to a military leader Refers to God as his father= “Abbas” Sees himself as instrumental in bringing kingdom of God Pilot asks people if they want Jesus or Barabbas set free… Barabbas
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