(The Britannica Guide to World Literature) J. e. Luebering - English Literature from the Old English

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Published in 2011 by Britannica Educational Publishing (a trademark of Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc.) in association with Rosen Educational Services, LLC 29 East 21st Street, New York, NY 10010. Copyright © 2011 Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Britannica, Encyclopædia Britannica, and the Thistle logo are registered trademarks of Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. All rights reserved. Rosen Educational Services materials copyright © 2011 Rosen Educational Services, LLC. All rights reserved. Distributed exclusively by Rosen Educational Services. For a listing of additional Britannica Educational Publishing titles, call toll free (800) 237-9932. First Edition Britannica Educational Publishing Michael I. Levy: Executive Editor J.E. Luebering: Senior Manager Marilyn L. Barton: Senior Coordinator, Production Control Steven Bosco: Director, Editorial Technologies Lisa S. Braucher: Senior Producer and Data Editor Yvette Charboneau: Senior Copy Editor Kathy Nakamura: Manager, Media Acquisition J.E. Luebering: Senior Editor, Literature Rosen Educational Services Jeanne Nagle: Senior Editor Joanne Randolph: Editor Nelson Sá: Art Director Cindy Reiman: Photography Manager Matthew Cauli: Designer, Cover Design Introduction by Rebecca Carranza Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data English literature from the Old English period through the Renaissance / edited by J.E. Luebering.—1st ed. p. cm.—(The Britannica guide to world literature) Includes bibliographical references and index. ISBN 978-1-61530- 230 - 7 ( eBook ) 1. English literature—History and criticism. 2. English literature—Old English, ca. 450–1100— History and criticism. 3. English literature—Middle English, 1100–1500—History and criticism. 4. English literature—Early modern, 1500–1700—History and criticism. I. Luebering, J. E. PR83.E62 2010 820.9—dc22 2009047904 On the cover: William Shakespeare (foreground) and Geoffrey Chaucer are two of the most recognizable and important luminaries of early English literature. Oli Scarff/Getty Images (Shakespeare); Hulton Archive/Getty Images (Chaucer) On page 10: A stained glass window depicting printer William Caxton as he presents his first printed page to King Edward IV and his queen. Ernest Heimann/Hulton Archive/Getty Images Pages 20, 251, 253, 257 (map) © & Colin McKie; pp. 20, 21, 50, 108, 177, 249, 223 (books) © .
CONTENTS Introduction: 10 Chapter 1: The Old English Period 21 Poetry 24 The Major Manuscripts 25 Problems of Dating 25 Religious Verse 26 Elegiac and Heroic Verse 27 Prose 29 Early Translations into English 30 Late 10th- and 11th-Century Prose 32 Significant Figures and Texts 33 Notable Old English Writers 33 Notable Old English Texts 39 Chapter 2: The Middle English Period 50 Early Middle English Poetry 50 Influence of French Poetry 51 Fabliau 53 Didactic Poetry 54 Verse Romance 54 Beast Epic 55 Arthurian Legend 56 57 10 30 43
Breton Lay 59 The Lyric 59 Early Middle English Prose 61 Later Middle English Poetry 63 Alliterative Poetry 63 Courtly Poetry 68 Popular and Secular Verse 72 Political Verse 73 Later Middle English Prose 73 Religious Prose 74 Secular Prose 75

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