9-9 Chapter 2 - The Constitution

9-9 Chapter 2 - The Constitution - Chapter 2 Notes The...

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9/9/07 Chapter 2 Notes –The Constitution 1. The Origins of a New Nation a. While settlers came to The New World for a variety of reasons, most remained loyal to Great Britain and considered they subjects of the King. Over the years, as new generations of Americans were born on colonial soil, those ties have weakened. A series of taxes levied by the crown ultimately led the colonists to convene a Continental Congress and to declare their independence. 2. The First Attempt at Government: The Articles of Confederation a. The articles of Confederation (1781) created a loose league of friendship between national government and the states. Numerous weaknesses in the new government became apparent by 1784. Among the major flaws were congress’s inability to tax or regulate commerce, the absence of an executive to administer the government, the lack of a strong central government, and no judiciary. 3. The Miracle at Philadelphia: Writing a Constitution a. When the weaknesses under the Articles of Confederation became apparent, the states called for a meeting to reform them.
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