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10-31 Chapter 7 - Congress - responsive to the people d...

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PolySci Notes - 10/31 – CONGRESS – Chapter 7 (Oconner) 1. Senate: a. Requirements of Senators i. 30 years old  ii. nine years a U.S. resident  iii. legal resident of their state  b. Senators have a 6 year term, where 1/3 are up for re-election every two years. c. The Seventeenth Amendment in 1913 provided for the direct election of senators. d. The senate was designed to represent the opinions of the states. i. Influences the senators to be more moderate e. War Chests i. Monetary buildups from previous elections ii. Less influential to monetary withholding than someone in the house. 2. House of Reps: a. Requirements: i. 25 years old  ii. seven years a U.S. resident  iii. legal resident of their state  b. They represent more of what the constituents in their districts want than the state as  a whole. c. Because they are up for re-election every two years, they are seen as more 
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Unformatted text preview: responsive to the people. d. Speaker i. Most of party power is concentrated ii. Leader of majority party 1. Selects/consults with rules committee a. Affects what is brought up on the floor. iii. Control of scheduling e. Under the speaker i. Party leader & Whips 1. Enforce discipline 3. Apportionment and Redistricting a. Every 10 yrs. a national census is taken i. Gerrymandering- redistricting to make the house more powerful in certain areas b. Used to be 1 rep for 30,000 constituents i. In 1929 the size of 435 reps was set as fixed 4. Party Caucus a. Set their agenda/strategy i. What are you going to do and how are we going to do it. ii. Impose party discipline 1. Threaten people a. Agriculture committee, etc. 2. Withhold campaign funds iii. Choose Committee Assignments iv. Pick leaders/Officers v....
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10-31 Chapter 7 - Congress - responsive to the people d...

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