Testing and individual differences - Fluid v Crystallized Intelligence \u25cf Fluid Defined as the ability to solve problems use logic in new situations

Testing and individual differences - Fluid v Crystallized...

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Fluid v. Crystallized Intelligence Fluid ** Defined as the ability to solve problems, use logic in new situations, and identify patterns ** Like liquid, capacity to fill up and learn new things ** Ability is considered independent of learning, experience, and education ** Examples include: problem solving and problem- solving strategies Crystalized ** Defined as the ability to use learned knowledge and experiences ** Like crystals, the older the wiser the knowledge ** Examples include: context clues, reading and comprehension, driving Fluid intelligence peaks around age 20 and declines with age Crystallized intelligence continues to increase with age until around age 70 The Flynn Effect Performance on intelligence tests has been increasing steadily throughout the century This suggests that environmental factors such as nutrition, education, and perhaps even access to technology and media play a role in intelligence Heritability What percentage of a trait can be attributed to genetics? For example, if a trait is highly heritable (i.e. height), much of the variation between a group of people on that trait is determined by genes Researchers believe intelligence is based 60-80% on genetics Robert Sternberg Triarchic Theory 1. Analytic intelligence: ability to compare/contrast, explain, and analyze 2.

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