SOC 101 - terms \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf \u25cf Sui generis Social physics Bounded rationality Historical materialism Marx Social facts Durkheim

SOC 101 - terms u25cf u25cf u25cf u25cf u25cf...

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terms Sui generis Social physics Bounded rationality Historical materialism- Marx Social facts Durkheim Mechanical solidarity Durkheim Organic solidarity Society is an abstraction. It can only be shown to exist through its effects. Studying society as an entity dates back to 17 th century. Physics and statistics had a big influence on the development of the discipline. 3 main sources behind the development of sociology Centralizing states (17th century onwards) Discovery of universal laws of nature (enlightenment of 17 18th century) Industrial revolution (19th century) State centralization→ invention of society, Indirect to direct rule Need of states to know their populations characteristics for taxation, conscription, economic development reform/welfare Development of statistics (first use of the term in 1749), Newtonian physics “what seems complex and chaotic in the single individual may be seen from the standpoint of the human race as a whole to be a steady and progressive though slow evolution of its original endowment.” Kant (1784) Adolphe Quetelet Belgian astronomer single most important person in developing the view that social laws could be uncovered with statistics. applied the ‘ law of large numbers ’ to understand social laws.

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