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terms●Sui generis●Social physics●Bounded rationality●Historical materialism- Marx●Social facts Durkheim●Mechanical solidarity Durkheim●Organic solidarity●Society is an abstraction. It can only be shown to exist through its effects. ●Studying society as an entity dates back to 17thcentury.●Physics and statistics had a big influence on the development of the discipline.●3 main sources behind the development of sociology○Centralizing states (17th century onwards)○Discovery of universal laws of nature (enlightenment of 17 18th century)○Industrial revolution (19th century)●State centralization→ invention of society,○Indirect to direct rule○Need of states to know their populations characteristics for taxation, conscription, economic development reform/welfare○Development of statistics (first use of the term in 1749), ○Newtonian physics●“what seems complex and chaotic in the single individual may be seen from the standpoint of the human race as a whole to be a steady and progressive though slow evolution of its original endowment.” Kant (1784)●Adolphe Quetelet○Belgian astronomer○single most important person in developing the view that social laws could be uncovered with statistics. ○applied the ‘law of large numbers’ to understand social laws.