ppt_ch9 - CHAPTER 9: GENDER AND SEXUALITY FEMALE-MALE...

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CHAPTER 9: GENDER AND SEXUALITY
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FEMALE-MALE SIMILARITIES AND DIFFERENCES Sex —the biological characteristics with which we were born Chromosomes, anatomy, hormones Gender —learned attitudes and behaviors that characterize people of one sex or the other Based on social and cultural expectations 1
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Gender identity —a perception of self as either male or female Gender roles —characteristics, attitudes, feelings, and behaviors that society expects of females and males 1
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Discussion In what ways were you socialized into gender? 1
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Application Identify the correct concept: sex, gender, gender identity, or gender role Three-year-old Samantha announces, "I'm a girl and girls don't do that." Kendra is born with a vagina and ovaries.
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Application When Paul falls down on the playground he tries not to cry. Juan believes that males should protect their families.
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CONTEMPORARY GENDER STRATIFICATION AND INEQUALITY Sexism —an attitude or behavior that discriminates against one sex, usually women, based on assumed superiority of the other sex Gender stratification —people's unequal access to wealth, power, status, prestige, and other valued resources 2
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Examples of gender inequality: While men do more housework than in the past, women are likely to do most of it. By third grade, boys outperform girls in math and science while girls excel at reading. Women tend to be elementary teachers while males are hired as professors. 2
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Examples of gender inequality: Sex segregation still exists between and within occupations. The gender pay gap refers to the income difference between males and females. The glass ceiling is an invisible barrier that keeps women from being successful. 2
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Examples of gender inequality: Sexual harassment is especially common in male-dominated occupations.
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This note was uploaded on 06/11/2009 for the course SOC 100 taught by Professor Tba during the Summer '08 term at University of Hawaii, Manoa.

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ppt_ch9 - CHAPTER 9: GENDER AND SEXUALITY FEMALE-MALE...

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