Aeneid.ppt - The Aeneid Roman Epic The Aeneid Author Virgil Culture Roman Virgil lived 70-19 BCE Genre epic poetry Important characters Aeneas Dido

Aeneid.ppt - The Aeneid Roman Epic The Aeneid Author Virgil...

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The Aeneid : Roman Epic
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The Aeneid Author: Virgil Culture: Roman Virgil lived 70-19 BCE Genre: epic poetry Important characters: Aeneas, Dido, Venus, Juno, Jupiter Themes: wandering hero, piety, devotion to duty, stoicism
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Virgil Studied rhetoric, medicine, and astronomy at early age Abandoned those pursuits to study philosophy Spellings and variations of names a. Virgil b. Vergil c. Virgilius
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Virgil
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Why did Virgil write the Aeneid ? The emperor Augustus told Virgil to write a national epic as part of his propaganda program, to celebrate a new golden age of peace
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A National Poem Written at a time of optimism, to represent a new and exciting time It gave the Romans an equivalent to Homer and explored what they were like, what they should be like and what they could achieve
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A National Poem The majority of Virgil’s life, Rome was in a period of civil war, or civil war was around the corner Aeneid combines the Homeric age , with the Augustan period , merging myth with historical fact
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A Brief History of Rome After the founding of Rome, there were seven kings – most were Etruscan The last king was ousted by Brutus and the Republic was created in 509 B.C. The Romans feared those who sought absolute power
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Social Unrest and Revolt Years of social unrest and civil war gave rise to Julius Caesar, who was proclaimed dictator of Rome in 47 BCE
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Julius Caesar Initiates Reforms Adopts Egyptian solar calendar – Julian Calendar with 365 days (July) Libraries, Theatres, Public Works Citizenship to people in Gaul and Spain
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Assassination Killed by senatorial opponents (led by Brutus and Cassius – hailed as saviors of the Republic) Instigated by his usurping of power Died March 15, 44 BCE (known as the Ides of March) Stabbed by 20 senators
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The Assassination of Caesar
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