Study_Guide_Erica2[1] - *IDENTIFICATION TERMS 22nd...

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*IDENTIFICATION TERMS : 22 nd Amendment -: limits presidents to two four year terms. Also, if a vice president succeeds a President (due to death or impeachment) he/she is eligible for ten years in office. This became a tradition after George Washington but was made into law because there was a negative reaction to FDR’s 4 elections to the presidency (Republicans worried.) Amicus curiae - “Friend of Court,” a nickname for the solicitor general (who often decides whether the Supreme Court will hear a case. Appears on behalf of the U.S. government in more than 50% of cases- may file briefs or appear to orally argue at court. This relationship helps explain why the Court accepts 70-80% of the cases where U.S. government is the petitioning party where all other cases are only accepted 5% of the time. Appellate Jurisdiction - Courts’ ability to review cases (the legal procedures- to make sure the law was applied properly to the issues presented in the case.) This often challenges the constitutionality as in the Federal Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act. This level of legal proceedings assures that justice is served according to the intentions of our Founding Father’s in the Constitution. Budget Deficit - The amount by which federal spending is greater than federal revenue. This has varied throughout our history and the deficit is often seen as justified if it is stimulating economic growth. However, it is criticized if there is a deficit during a time of economic prosperity. By analyzing trends in federal budget deficits one cannot determine a specific party that creates or diminishes the deficit as both parties have been on either end of the deficit spectrum. Bush Doctrine - A policy developed under and advocated by George W. Bush in response to the 9/11 terrorist attacks. The doctrine allows preemptive military action against a perceived threat to U.S. interests. This Doctrine shows the immense power of the executive branch in foreign affairs. Citizen Diplomat - When an individual citizen uses his or her position as the ordinary man or woman to push for a certain policy or relief. Bill Clinton and George Bush Sr. advocated for tsunami relief. This is useful when appealing to countries with which the United States government does not have good relations and is also a sign of the opportunities of an individual to participate in American affairs. Cloture - A motion that requires 60 votes in the Senate to end a filibuster. 16 senators must sign the motion and once it is passed only 30 additional hours of debate are allowed. This is significant because this majority is difficult to achieve, although doing so will continue action on a bill. Collective security - the concept that peace would be secured if all countries collectively retaliated against an aggressor. This is important because it was the basis of Woodrow Wilson’s League of Nations after WWI, as well as NATO during the Cold War.
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  • Winter '07
  • Lupia
  • Government, President of the United States, United States Congress

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