1. Who are three “founding fathers” of sociology and what is one idea that each contributed to sociology? Max Weber contributed Vertsehen. Karl Marx contributed his theory of historical materialism. Emile Durkheim contributed mechanical solidarity.2.What is the sociological imagination? Why is it important to our understanding of society? Sociological imagination is making connections between personal challenges and larger problems. It is important because it’s critical for an individual person and societies at large to understand.3.How do the three major sociological perspectives view society? The functional sociological perspective views society like it is an organism that seeks stability. It also goes off the idea that everything in society has a purpose and a function. Society functions together as a whole. On the other hand, the conflict theory states that society is characterized by the tensions and conflicts between groups. The interactionist theory perceives society as influencing social interactions.