LER exam 2 review.docx - Monday September 18 Differences in...

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Monday, September 18 Differences in Union and Management Structure, Function and Perspective Readings: Unions & Management, pgs 117-119, 124-126, 130-136, 150-155 Management Philosophies Toward Unions, pgs 28-37 Union Purpose: 1. Representing the interests of their members 2. Improving member's lives 3. Serving as a check and balance on the power of employers 4. Improving lives of all working families Means of achieving purpose: 1. collective bargaining 2. Political/legislative action 3. Building coalitions with those with shared values i. Ex: fight for 15 Reasons for decline in Union percentage of workforce: Globalization Automation Increased political/ business resistance Less legal protection for the right to form a union Growth in service occupations, part-time employment, "independent contractors" Public sector has about 34.4% of its workforce as union members vs only 6.4% in the private sector Union members were 20% of the total US workforce in 1983 and are now only 10.7% Five largest unions: United Food and Commercial Workers Union (U.F.C.W) Teamsters (I.B.T) American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees (A.F.S.C.M.E) Service Employees (S.E.I.U) National Education Association (N.E.A) Union Funding Funded by membership dues Unions are required to provide extensive financial accounting to the public Union Structure -Power flows upward from the consent of the governed -compared to state/ federal government: Local union meetings and national conventions = legislative bodies
Officers and executive board = executive bodies Various appeal procedures = judicial function -unions claim the democratic ideal, but realistically must rely on a representative form of government 1. Local Union Direct democracy Main point of contact for the individual employee Local unions deal with grievances filed, are the first to make contact when a strike occurs Receives its charter from the national union and operates under its constitution, bylaws and rules 2. District/ Regional Headed by a vice president who has an advisory relationship with the local unions in the region Established to better serve the needs of the local unions and to represent the national office in the region 3. National/International (autonomous) Representative democracy by convention Activities carried out at this level include: Research, education, organizing, political action, international affairs Constitution prescribes the number and type of officers, their duties and responsibilities, and the limit of their authority 4. Federation (voluntary) Management Structure Top down hierarchy from the board of directors to the C.E.O Subsections include : sales, marketing, finances, production, human resources Management usually opposes union formation because…. 1. Decreases management's control 2. Increases employer's cost (reduces profit) 3. Views unions as troublemakers 4. Believe unions undermine employee loyalty 5. Conflicts with union mission and values Range of Union- Management Relationships Conflict:

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